vifm-app.txt    For Vifm version 0.12  Last change: 2021 Sep 29

 Email for bugs and suggestions: <>

vifm-options            Command line arguments.
vifm-general-keys       General keys, that work in the most of modes.
vifm-normal             Normal mode keys.
vifm-visual             Visual mode keys.
vifm-view               View mode keys.
vifm-command-line       Command line mode keys.
vifm-command-line-edit  External editing of command line content.
vifm-more               More mode keys.
vifm-commands           How to use and set :commands.
vifm-commands-bg        Backgrounding of commands.
vifm-cancellation       Cancellation of commands.
vifm-selection          How selection is handled on launching.
vifm-patterns           Description of file match patterns.
vifm-globs              How globs work in vifm.
vifm-set-options        Available options.
vifm-mappings           Map arguments and special sequences.
vifm-expression-syntax  Syntax of supported expressions.
vifm-functions          List of builtin functions with description.
vifm-menus-and-dialogs  Keys and commands for menus and dialogs.
vifm-custom-views       Differences between regular and custom views.
vifm-compare-views      Kinds, properties and differences of compare views.
vifm-startup            Determining of environment variables on startup.
vifm-configure          Configuration of vifm.
vifm-sessions           Managing sessions.
vifm-fuse               Using automated FUSE mounts.
vifm-view-look          Gives general overview of view displaying variants.
vifm-ls-view            Some details about ls-like view.
vifm-column-view        Column view configuration details.
vifm-color-schemes      Details on using color schemes in vifm.
vifm-trash              Details about trash directory in vifm.
vifm-clientserver       Client-server communication.
vifm-ext-rename         About editing buffer of file names in an editor.
vifm-plugin             Using the vifm.vim plugin.
vifm-reserved           List of reserved commands.
vifm-env-vars           Environment variables that affect vifm or set by it.
vifm-see-also           Other resources about vifm.

Tag name structure:

          WHAT                 PREPEND     EXAMPLE
      Normal mode command      vifm-       :help vifm-h
      Visual mode command      vifm-v_     :help vifm-v_u
      View mode command        vifm-q_     :help vifm-q_j
      Menu or dialog command   vifm-m_     :help vifm-m_zh
      Command-line command     vifm-:      :help vifm-:quit
      Command-line editing     vifm-c_     :help vifm-c_CTRL-H
      Vifm command argument    vifm--      :help vifm--f
      Option                   vifm-'      :help vifm-'wrap'


General format:
vifm [OPTION]... [ path [ path ] ]

vifm starts in the current directory unless it is given a different directory
on the command line or vifm-'vifminfo' includes "savedirs" (in which case
last visited directories are used as defaults).

vifm -
Read list of files from standard input stream and compose custom view out of
them (see vifm-custom-views).  Current working directory is used as a base
for relative paths.

vifm /path/to/directory/one
vifm /path/to/directory/one /path/to/directory/two

Specifying two directories triggers split view even when vifm was in
single-view mode on finishing previous run.  To suppress this behaviour
vifm-:only command can be put in the vifmrc file.

When only one path argument is found on command-line, the left/top pane is
automatically set as the current view.

Paths to files are also allowed in case you want vifm to start with some
archive opened.

The other command line arguments are:
--select <path>                                vifm---select
    open parent directory of the given path and select specified file in it.
-f                                             vifm--f
    makes vifm instead of opening files write selection to $VIFM/vimfiles and
--choose-files <path>|-                        vifm---choose-files
    sets output file to write selection into on exit instead of opening files.
    "-" means standard output.  Use empty value to disable it.
--choose-dir <path>|-                          vifm---choose-dir
    sets output file to write last visited directory into on exit.  "-" means
    standard output.  Use empty value to disable it.
--delimiter <delimiter>                        vifm---delimiter
    sets separator for list of file paths written out by vifm.  Empty value
    means null character.  Default is new line character.
--on-choose <command>                          vifm---on-choose
    sets command to be executed on selected files instead of opening them.
    The command may use any of vifm-macros.  The command is executed once for
    whole selection.
--logging[=<startup log path>]                 vifm---logging
    log some operational details $VIFM/log.  If the optional startup log path
    is specified and permissions allow to open it for writing, then logging of
    early initialization (before value of $VIFM is determined) is put there.
--server-list                                  vifm---server-list
    list available server names and exit.
--server-name <name>                           vifm---server-name
    name of target or this instance (sequential numbers are appended on name
--remote                                       vifm---remote
    sends the rest of the command line to another instance of vifm.
    --server-name is treated just like any other argument and should precede
    --remote on the command line.  When there is no server, quits silently.
    There is no limit on how many arguments can be processed.  One can combine
    --remote with -c <command> or +<command> to execute commands in already
    running instance of vifm.  See also vifm-clientserver.
--remote-expr                                  vifm---remote-expr
    passes expression to vifm server and prints result.  See also
-c <command>, +<command>                       vifm--c vifm--+c
    run command-line mode <command> on startup.  Commands in such arguments
    are executed in the order they appear in command line.  Commands with
    spaces or special symbols must be enclosed in double or single quotes or
    all special symbols should be escaped (the exact syntax strongly depends
    on shell).  "+" argument is equivalent to "$" and thus picks last item
    of the view.
--help, -h                                     vifm---help vifm--h
    show a brief command summary and exit vifm.
--version, -v                                  vifm---version vifm--v
    show the version information and exit.
--no-configs                                   vifm---no-configs
    skip reading vifmrc and vifminfo.

See vifm-startup section below for the explanations on vifm-$VIFM.


Ctrl-C or Escape                               vifm-Escape vifm-CTRL-C
    cancel most operations (see vifm-cancellation), clear all selected files.

Ctrl-L - clear and redraw the screen.          vifm-CTRL-L


Basic Movement

The basic vi key bindings are used to move through the files and pop-up windows.

k, gk or Ctrl-P - move cursor up one line.     vifm-k vifm-gk vifm-CTRL-P
j, gj or Ctrl-N - move cursor down one line.   vifm-j vifm-gj vifm-CTRL-N

h                                              vifm-h
    when vifm-'lsview' is off move up one directory (moves to parent
    directory node in tree view), otherwise move left one file.
l                                              vifm-l
    when vifm-'lsview' is off move into a directory or launch a file,
    otherwise move right one file.  See vifm-selection.

gg - move to the first line of the file list.  vifm-gg
G  - move to the last line in the file list.   vifm-G

gh                                             vifm-gh
    go up one directory regardless of view representation (regular,
    ls-like).  Also can be used to leave custom views including tree view.
gl or Enter                                    vifm-gl vifm-Enter
    enter directory or launch a file.  See vifm-selection.

H                                              vifm-H
    move to the first file in the window.
M                                              vifm-M
    move to the file in the middle of the window.
L                                              vifm-L
    move to the last file in the window.

Ctrl-F or Page Down - move forward one page.   vifm-CTRL-F vifm-PageDown
Ctrl-B or Page Up   - move back one page.      vifm-CTRL-B vifm-PageUp

Ctrl-D - jump back one half page.              vifm-CTRL-D
Ctrl-U - jump forward one half page.           vifm-CTRL-U

{n}%                                           vifm-%
    move to the file that is {n} percent from the top of the list (for
    example 25%).

0 or ^                                         vifm-0 vifm-^
    move cursor to the first column.  See vifm-'lsview' option description.

$                                              vifm-$
    move cursor to the last column.  See vifm-'lsview' option description.

Space - switch file lists.                     vifm-Space

gt    - switch to the next tab (wrapping around).
{n}gt - switch to the tab number {n}.

gT    - switch to the previous tab (wrapping around).
{n}gT - switch to {n}-th previous tab (wrapping around).

Movement with Count

Most movement commands also accept a count, 12j would move down 12 files.

    move to percent of the file list.
    move down [count] files.
    move up [count] files.
[count]G or [count]gg
    move to list position [count].
    go up [count] directories.

Scrolling panes

zt - redraw pane with file in top of list.     vifm-zt
zz - redraw pane with file in center of list.  vifm-zz
zb - redraw pane with file in bottom of list.  vifm-zb

Ctrl-E - scroll pane one line down.            vifm-CTRL-E
Ctrl-Y - scroll pane one line up.              vifm-CTRL-Y

Pane manipulation

Second character can be entered with or without Control key.

Ctrl-W H - move the pane to the far left.      vifm-CTRL-W_H
Ctrl-W J - move the pane to the very bottom.   vifm-CTRL-W_J
Ctrl-W K - move the pane to the very top.      vifm-CTRL-W_K
Ctrl-W L - move the pane to the far right.     vifm-CTRL-W_L

Ctrl-W h - switch to left pane.                vifm-CTRL-W_h
Ctrl-W j - switch to pane below.               vifm-CTRL-W_j
Ctrl-W k - switch to pane above.               vifm-CTRL-W_k
Ctrl-W l - switch to right pane.               vifm-CTRL-W_l

Ctrl-W b - switch to bottom-right window.      vifm-CTRL-W_b
Ctrl-W t - switch to top-left window.          vifm-CTRL-W_t

Ctrl-W p - switch to previous window.          vifm-CTRL-W_p
Ctrl-W w - switch to other pane.               vifm-CTRL-W_w

Ctrl-W o - leave only one pane.                vifm-CTRL-W_o
Ctrl-W s - split window horizontally.          vifm-CTRL-W_s
Ctrl-W v - split window vertically.            vifm-CTRL-W_v

Ctrl-W x - exchange panes.                     vifm-CTRL-W_x
Ctrl-W z - quit preview pane or view modes.    vifm-CTRL-W_z

Ctrl-W - - decrease size of the view by count. vifm-CTRL-W_-
Ctrl-W + - increase size of the view by count. vifm-CTRL-W_+
Ctrl-W < - decrease size of the view by count. vifm-CTRL-W_<
Ctrl-W > - increase size of the view by count. vifm-CTRL-W_>

Ctrl-W | - set current view size to count.     vifm-CTRL-W_bar
Ctrl-W _ - set current view size to count.     vifm-CTRL-W__
Ctrl-W = - make size of two views equal.       vifm-CTRL-W_=

For Ctrl-W +, Ctrl-W -, Ctrl-W <, Ctrl-W >, Ctrl-W | and Ctrl-W _
commands count can be given before and/or after Ctrl-W.  The
resulting count is a multiplication of those two.  So
"2 Ctrl-W 2 -" decreases window size by 4 lines or columns.

Ctrl-W | and Ctrl-W _ maximize current view by default.


Marks are set the same way as they are in vi.
You can use these characters for marks [a-z][A-Z][0-9].

m[a-z][A-Z][0-9]                               vifm-m
    set a mark for the file at the current cursor position.
'[a-z][A-Z][0-9]                               vifm-'
    navigate to the file set for the mark.

There are also several special marks that can't be set manually:
 ' (single quote) - previously visited directory of the view, thus hitting
                    '' allows switching between two last locations
 < - the first file of the last visually selected block
 > - the last file of the last visually selected block


/regular expression
    search for files matching regular expression in forward direction and
    advance cursor to next match.
    perform forward search with top item of search pattern history.

?regular expression
    search for files matching regular expression in backward direction and
    advance cursor to previous match.
    perform backward search with top item of search pattern history.

Trailing slash for directories is taken into account, so /\/ searches for
directories and symbolic links to directories.  At the moment // works too,
but this can change in the future, so consider escaping the slash if not
typing pattern by hand.

Matches are automatically selected if vifm-'hlsearch' is set.  Enabling
vifm-'incsearch' makes search interactive.  vifm-'ignorecase' and
vifm-'smartcase' options affect case sensitivity of search queries as well
as local filter and other things detailed in the description of

[count]n                                       vifm-n
    go to the next file matching last search pattern.  Takes last search
    direction into account.

[count]N                                       vifm-N
    go to the previous file matching last search pattern.  Takes last search
    direction into account.

If vifm-'hlsearch' option is set, hitting n/N to perform search and go to the
first matching item resets current selection in normal mode.  It is not the
case if search was already performed on files in the directory, thus selection
is not reset after clearing selection with escape key and hitting n/N key

Note: vifm uses extended regular expressions for / and ?.

[count]f[character]                            vifm-f
    search forward for file with [character] as first character in name.
    Search wraps around the end of the list.

[count]F[character]                            vifm-F
    search backward for file with [character] as first character in name.
    Search wraps around the end of the list.

[count]; - find the next match of f or F.      vifm-;
[count], - find the previous match of f or F.  vifm-,

Note: f, F, ; and , wrap around list beginning and end when they are used
alone and they don't wrap when they are used as selectors.

There are three basic file filters:
 - dot files filter (does not affect "." and ".." special directories, whose
   appearance is controlled by the vifm-'dotdirs' option), see
 - permanent filter
 - local filter (see vifm-=)

Permanent filter essentially allows defining a group of files names which are
not desirable to be seen by default, like temporary or backup files, which
might be created alongside normal ones.  Just like you don't usually need to
see hidden dot files (files starting with a dot).  Local filter on the other
hand is for temporary immediate filtering of file list at hand, to get rid of
uninterested files in the view or to make it possible to use % range in a

For the purposes of more deterministic editing permanent filter is split
into two parts:
 - one edited explicitly via vifm-:filter command
 - another one which is edited implicitly via vifm-zf shortcut
Files are tested against both parts and a match counts if at least one
of the parts matched.

Each file list has its own copy of each filter.

Filtered files are not checked in / search or :commands.

Files and directories are filtered separately.  This is done by appending
a slash to a directory name before testing whether it matches the filter.

 " filter directories which names end with '.files'
 :filter /^.*\.files\/$/

 " filter files which names end with '.d'
  :filter {*.d}

 " filter files and directories which names end with '.o'
 :filter /^.*\.o\/?$/

Note: vifm uses extended regular expressions.

The basic vim folding key-bindings are used for managing filters.

za - toggle visibility of dot files.           vifm-za
zo - show dot files.                           vifm-zo
zm - hide dot files.                           vifm-zm

zf - add selected files to permanent filter.   vifm-zf
zO - reset permanent filter.                   vifm-zO

zR - save and reset all filters.               vifm-zR
zr - clear local filter.                       vifm-zr
zM - restore all filters (undoes last zR).     vifm-zM

zd                                             vifm-zd
    exclude selection or current file from a custom view.  Does nothing for
    regular view.  For tree view excluding directory excludes that sub-tree.
    For compare views zd hides group of adjacent identical files, count can
    be specified as 1 to exclude just single file or selected items instead.
    Files excluded this way are not counted as filtered out and can't be
    returned unless view is reloaded.

=regular expression                            vifm-=
    filter out files that don't match regular expression.  Whether view is
    updated as regular expression is changed depends on the value of the
    vifm-'incsearch' option.  This kind of filter is automatically reset
    when directory is changed.

Tree-related Keys

While some of the keys make sense outside of tree-view, they are most useful
in trees.

[z  go to first sibling of current entry.      vifm-[z
]z  go to last sibling of current entry.       vifm-]z

zj                                             vifm-zj
    go to next directory sibling of current entry or do nothing.

zk                                             vifm-zk
    go to previous directory sibling of current entry or do nothing.

zx                                             vifm-zx
    toggle fold under the cursor or parent entry of the current file if cursor
    is not on a directory.

Other Normal Mode Keys

[count]:                                       vifm-:
    enter command line mode.  [count] generates range.

q:                                             vifm-q:
    open external editor to prompt for command-line command.  See
    vifm-command-line-edit section for details.

q/                                             vifm-q/
    open external editor to prompt for search pattern to be searched
    in forward direction.  See vifm-command-line-edit section for

q?                                             vifm-q?
    open external editor to prompt for search pattern to be searched
    in backward direction.  See vifm-command-line-edit section for

q=                                             vifm-q=
    open external editor to prompt for filter pattern.  See
    vifm-command-line-edit section for details.  Unlike other q{x}
    commands this one doesn't work in Visual mode.

[count]!! and [count]!<selector>               vifm-!!
    enter command line mode with entered ! command.  [count] modifies range.

Ctrl-O                                         vifm-CTRL-O
    go backwards through directory history of current view.  Nonexistent
    directories are automatically skipped.

Ctrl-I or Tab                                  vifm-CTRL-I vifm-Tab
    if vifm-'cpoptions' contains "t" flag (vifm-cpo-t), <tab> and
    <c-i> switch active pane just like vifm-Space does, otherwise it
    goes forward through directory history of current view.  Nonexistent
    directories are automatically skipped.

Ctrl-G                                         vifm-CTRL-G
    show a dialog with detailed information about current file.
    See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

Shift-Tab                                      vifm-SHIFT-Tab
    enter view mode (vifm-view, works only after activating view pane
    with vifm-:view command).

ga                                             vifm-ga
    calculate directory size.  Uses cached directory sizes when possible
    for better performance.  As a special case calculating size of ".." entry
    results in calculation of size of current directory.
gA                                             vifm-gA
    like ga, but force update.  Ignores old values of directory sizes.

If file under cursor is selected, each selected item is processed,
otherwise only current file is updated.

gf                                             vifm-gf
    find link destination (like l with vifm-'followlinks' off, but also
    finds directories).  On Windows additionally follows .lnk-files.

gF                                             vifm-gF
    Same as gf, but resolves final path of the chain of symbolic links.

gr                                             {only for MS-Windows}
    same as l key, but tries to run program with administrative

av                                             vifm-av
    go to visual mode into selection amending state preserving current

gv                                             vifm-gv
    go to visual mode restoring last selection.

[reg]gs                                        vifm-gs
    when no register is specified, restore last t selection (similar to what
    gv does for visual mode selection).  If register is present, then all
    files listed in that register and which are visible in current view are

gu<selector>                                   vifm-gu
    make names of selected files lowercase.
[count]guu or [count]gugu                      vifm-guu vifm-gugu
    make names of [count] files starting from the current one lowercase.
    Without [count] only current file is affected.

gU<selector>                                   vifm-gU
    make names of selected files uppercase.
[count]gUU or [count]gUgU                      vifm-gUU vifm-gUgU
    make names of [count] files starting from the current
    one uppercase.  Without [count] only current file is affected.

e - explore file in the current pane.          vifm-e

i                                              vifm-i
    handle file (even if it's an executable and vifm-'runexec' option is

cw                                             vifm-cw
    change word is used to rename a file or files.  If multiple files are
    selected, behaves as vifm-:rename command run without arguments.

cW                                             vifm-cW
    change WORD is used to change only name of file (without extension).

cl - change link target.                       vifm-cl

co - change file owner.                        {only for *nix}

cg - change file group.                        {only for *nix}

[count]cp                                      vifm-cp
    change file attributes (permission on *nix and properties on
    Windows).  If [count] is specified, it's treated as numerical argument
    for non-recursive chmod command (of the form [0-7]{3,4}).  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

[count]C                                       vifm-C
    clone file [count] times.

dd                                             vifm-dd
    move selected file or files to vifm-trash directory (if vifm-'trash'
    option is set, otherwise delete).
d<selector>                                    vifm-d
    like dd, but accepts motions/selectors.

DD and D<selector>                             vifm-D vifm-DD
    like dd and d<selector>, but omitting vifm-trash
    directory (even when vifm-'trash' option is set).

yy or Y                                        vifm-yy vifm-Y
    yank selected files.
y<selector>                                    vifm-y
    yank files specified by motion/selector.

p                                              vifm-p
    copy yanked files to the current directory or move the files to the
    current directory if they were deleted with dd or :d[elete] or yanked
    from vifm-trash directory.

P                                              vifm-P
    move the last yanked files.  The advantage of using P instead of d
    followed by p is that P moves files only once.  This isn't important in
    case you're moving files in the same file system where your home
    directory is, but using P to move files on some other file system (or
    file systems, in case you want to move files from fs1 to fs2 and your
    home is on fs3) can save your time.

al - put symbolic links with absolute paths.   vifm-al
rl - put symbolic links with relative paths.   vifm-rl

t - select or unselect (tag) the current file. vifm-t

u - undo last change.                          vifm-u
Ctrl-R - redo last change.                     vifm-CTRL-R

dp                                             vifm-dp
    in compare view of "ofboth grouppaths" kind, makes corresponding entry
    of the other pane equal to the current one.  The semantics is as follows:
     - nothing done for identical entries
     - if file is missing in current view, its pair gets removed
     - if file is missing or differs in other view, it is replaced
    File removal obeys vifm-'trash' option.  When the option is enabled, the
    operation can be undone/redone (although results won't be visible
    Unlike in Vim, this operation is performed on a single line rather than
    a set of adjacent changes.
do                                             vifm-do
    same as dp, but applies changes in the opposite direction.

v or V                                         vifm-v vifm-V
    start visual selection of files, clears current selection.

[count]Ctrl-A                                  vifm-CTRL-A
    increment first number in file name by [count] (1 by default).

[count]Ctrl-X                                  vifm-CTRL-X
    decrement first number in file name by [count] (1 by default).

ZQ - same as :quit!.                           vifm-ZQ
ZZ - same as vifm-:quit.                       vifm-ZZ

.                                              vifm-.
    repeat last command-line command (not normal mode command) of this
    run (does nothing right after startup or vifm-:restart command).
    The command doesn't depend on command-line history and can be used
    with completely disabled history.

(                                              vifm-(
    go to previous group.  Groups are defined by primary sorting key.
    For name and iname members of each group have same first letter,
    for all other sorting keys vifm uses size, uid, ...

)                                              vifm-)
    go to next group.  See ( key description above.

{                                              vifm-{
    speeds up navigation to closest previous entry of the opposite type by
    moving to the first file backwards when cursor is on a directory and
    to the first directory backwards when cursor is on a file.  This is
    essentially a special case of ( that is locked on "dirs".

}                                              vifm-}
    same as {, but in forward direction.

[c                                             vifm-[c
    go to previous mismatched entry in directory comparison view or do

]c                                             vifm-]c
    go to next mismatched entry in directory comparison view or do nothing.

[d                                             vifm-[d
    go to previous directory entry or do nothing.

]d                                             vifm-]d
    go to next directory entry or do nothing.

[r  same as vifm-:siblprev.                    vifm-[r
]r  same as vifm-:siblnext.                    vifm-]r
[R  same as vifm-:siblprev!.                   vifm-[R
]R  same as vifm-:siblnext!.                   vifm-]R

[s                                             vifm-[s
    go to previous selected entry or do nothing.

]s                                             vifm-]s
    go to next selected entry or do nothing.

Using Count
                                               vifm-count vifm-[count]
You can use count with commands like yy.

[count]yy yank (count + 1) files starting from current cursor position

Or you can use count with motions passed to y, d or D.

d[count]j delete (count + 1) files starting from current cursor position

vifm supports multiple registers for temporary storing list of yanked or
deleted files.

Registers should be specified by hitting double quote key followed by a
register name.  Count is specified after register name.  By default
commands use unnamed register, which has double quote as its name.

Though all commands accept registers, most of commands ignores them (for
example H or Ctrl-U).  Other commands can fill register or append new
files to it.

Presently vifm supports ", _, a-z and A-Z characters as register names.

_ is black hole register.  It can be used for writing, but its list is always

As mentioned above " is unnamed register and has special meaning of the
default register.  Every time when you use named registers (a-z and A-Z)
unnamed register is updated to contain same list of files as the last
used register.

Registers with names from a to z and from A to Z are named ones.
Lowercase registers are cleared before adding new files, while uppercase
aren't and should be used to append new files to the existing file list
of appropriate lowercase register (A for a, B for b, ...).

Registers can be changed on :empty command if they contain files under
vifm-trash directory.

Registers do not contain one file more than once.

puts names of two files to register a (and to the unnamed register).
removes one file and append its name to register a (and to the unnamed
  p or "ap or "Ap
inserts previously yanked and deleted files into current directory.

y, d, D, !, gu and gU commands accept selectors.  You can combine them with
any of selectors below to quickly remove or yank several files.

j, k, gg, G, H, L, M, %, f, F, ;, comma, ', ^, 0 and $ can be used as
selectors for several commands.
Also following selectors can be used:
 a - all files in current view
 s - selected files
 S - all files except selected

For example:
dj - delete file under cursor and one below.
d2j - delete file under cursor and two below.
y6gg - yank all files from cursor position to 6th file in the list.

When you pass a count to whole command and its selector they are
multiplied. So:
2d2j - delete file under cursor and four below.
2dj - delete file under cursor and two below.
2y6gg - yank all files from cursor position to 12th file in the list.


Visual mode has two generic operating submodes:
 - plain selection as it is in Vim;
 - selection editing submode.

Both modes select files in range from cursor position at which visual mode was
entered to current cursor position (let's call it "selection region").  Each of
two borders can be adjusted by swapping them via vifm-v_o or vifm-v_O keys
and updating cursor position with regular cursor motion keys.  Obviously, once
initial cursor position is altered this way, real start position becomes

Plain Vim-like visual mode starts with cleared selection, which is not restored
on rejecting selection (vifm-v_Escape, vifm-v_CTRL-C, vifm-v_v,
vifm-v_V).  Contrary to it, selection editing doesn't clear previously
selected files and restores them after reject.  Accepting selection by
performing an operation on selected items (e.g. yanking them via vifm-y)
moves cursor to the top of current selection region (not to the top most
selected file of the view).

In turn, selection editing supports three types of editing (look at statusbar
to know which one is currently active):
 - append - amend selection by selecting elements in selection region;
 - remove - amend selection by deselecting elements in selection region;
 - invert - amend selection by inverting selection of elements in selection
No matter how you activate selection editing it starts in "append" activated.
One can switch type of operation (in the order given above) via
vifm-v_CTRL-G key.

Almost all normal mode keys work in visual mode, but instead of accepting
selectors they operate on selected items.

Enter                                          vifm-v_Enter
    save selection and go back to normal mode not moving cursor.

av                                             vifm-v_av
    leave visual mode if in amending mode (restores previous selection),
    otherwise switch to amending selection mode.

gv                                             vifm-v_gv
    restore previous visual selection.

Escape, Ctrl-C                                 vifm-v_Escape vifm-v_CTRL-C
v, V                                           vifm-v_v vifm-v_V
    leave visual mode if not in amending mode, otherwise switch to normal
    visual selection.

Ctrl-G                                         vifm-v_CTRL-G
    switch type of amending by round robin scheme: append -> remove -> invert.

:                                              vifm-v_:
    enter command line mode.  Selection is cleared on leaving the mode.

o, O                                           vifm-v_o vifm-v_O
    switch active selection bound.

gu, u                                          vifm-v_gu vifm-v_u
    make names of selected files lowercase.

gU, U                                          vifm-v_gU vifm-v_U
    make names of selected files uppercase.

cw                                             vifm-v_cw
    same as running vifm-:rename command without arguments.


This mode tries to imitate the less program.  List of builtin shortcuts can be
found below.  Shortcuts can be customized using vifm-:qmap, vifm-:qnoremap and
vifm-:qunmap command-line commands.

Shift-Tab, Tab                                 vifm-q_SHIFT-Tab vifm-q_Tab
q, Q, ZZ                                       vifm-q_q vifm-q_Q vifm-q_ZZ
    return to normal mode.

[count]e, [count]Ctrl-E                        vifm-q_e vifm-q_CTRL-E
[count]j, [count]Ctrl-N                        vifm-q_j vifm-q_CTRL-N
[count]Enter                                   vifm-q_Enter
    scroll forward one line (or [count] lines).

[count]y, [count]Ctrl-Y                        vifm-q_y vifm-q_CTRL-Y
[count]k, [count]Ctrl-K                        vifm-q_k vifm-q_CTRL-K
[count]Ctrl-P                                  vifm-q_CTRL-P
    scroll backward one line (or [count] lines).

[count]f, [count]Ctrl-F                        vifm-q_f vifm-q_CTRL-F
[count]Ctrl-V, [count]Space                    vifm-q_CTRL-V vifm-q_Space
    scroll forward one window (or [count] lines).

[count]b, [count]Ctrl-B                        vifm-q_b vifm-q_CTRL-B
[count]Alt-V                                   vifm-q_ALT-V
    scroll backward one window (or [count] lines).

[count]z                                       vifm-q_z
    scroll forward one window (and set window to [count]).

[count]w                                       vifm-q_w
    scroll backward one window (and set window to [count]).

[count]Alt-Space                               vifm-q_ALT-Space
    scroll forward one window, but don't stop at end-of-file.

[count]d, [count]Ctrl-D                        vifm-q_d vifm-q_CTRL-D
    scroll forward one half-window (and set half-window to [count]).

[count]u, [count]Ctrl-U                        vifm-q_u vifm-q_CTRL-U
    scroll backward one half-window (and set half-window to [count]).

r, Ctrl-R                                      vifm-q_r vifm-q_CTRL-R
Ctrl-L                                                  vifm-q_CTRL-L
    repaint screen.

R                                              vifm-q_R
    reload view preserving scroll position.

F                                              vifm-q_F
    toggle automatic forwarding.  Roughly equivalent to periodic file reload
    and scrolling to the bottom.  The behaviour is similar to `tail -F` or F
    key in less.

a                                              vifm-q_a
    switch to the next viewer.  Does nothing for preview constructed via %q
A                                              vifm-q_A
    switch to the previous viewer.  Does nothing for preview constructed
    via %q macro.
i                                              vifm-q_i
    toggle raw mode (ignoring of defined viewers).  Does nothing for preview
    constructed via %q macro.

[count]/pattern                                vifm-q_/
    search forward for ([count]-th) matching line.
[count]?pattern                                vifm-q_?
    search backward for ([count]-th) matching line.

[count]n                                       vifm-q_n
    repeat previous search (for [count]-th occurrence).
[count]N                                       vifm-q_N
    repeat previous search in reverse direction (for [count]-th occurrence).

[count]g, [count]<                             vifm-q_g vifm-q_<
[count]Alt-<                                   vifm-q_ALT-<
    scroll to the first line of the file (or line [count]).

[count]G, [count]>                             vifm-q_G vifm-q_>
[count]Alt->                                   vifm-q_ALT->
    scroll to the last line of the file (or line [count]).

[count]p, [count]%                             vifm-q_p vifm-q_%
    scroll to the beginning of the file (or N percent into file).

v                                              vifm-q_v
    invoke an editor to edit the current file being viewed.  The command for
    editing is taken from the vifm-'vicmd' or vifm-'vixcmd' option value and
    extended with middle line number prepended by a plus sign and name of the
    current file.

All "Ctrl-W x" keys above work the same was as in vifm-normal mode.  Active
mode is automatically changed on navigating among windows.  When less-like
activated on file preview is left using one by "Ctrl-W x" keys, its state is
stored until another file is displayed using preview (it's possible to leave
the mode, hide preview pane, do something else, then get back to the file and
show preview pane again with previously stored state in it).


These keys are available in all submodes of the command line mode: command,
search, prompt and filtering.

Down, Up, Left, Right, Home, End and Delete are extended keys and they are not
available if vifm is compiled with --disable-extended-keys option.

Esc, Ctrl-C                                    vifm-c_Esc vifm-c_CTRL-C
    leave command line mode, cancels input.  Cancelled input is saved into
    appropriate history and can be recalled later.

Ctrl-M, Enter                                  vifm-c_CTRL-M vifm-c_Enter
    execute command and leave command line mode.

Ctrl-I, Tab                                    vifm-c_CTRL-I vifm-c_Tab
    complete command or its argument.
Shift-Tab                                      vifm-c_SHIFT-Tab
    complete in reverse order.

Ctrl-_                                         vifm-c_CTRL-_
    stop completion and return original input.

Ctrl-B, Left  - move cursor to the left.       vifm-c_CTRL-B vifm-c_Left
Ctrl-F, Right - move cursor to the right.      vifm-c_CTRL-F vifm-c_Right

Ctrl-A, Home - go to start of the line         vifm-c_CTRL-A vifm-c_Home
Ctrl-E, End  - go to end of the line.          vifm-c_CTRL-E vifm-c_End

Alt-B - go to beginning of previous word.      vifm-c_ALT-B
Alt-F - go to end of next word.                vifm-c_ALT-F

Ctrl-U                                         vifm-c_CTRL-U
    remove characters from cursor position till beginning of the line.
Ctrl-K                                         vifm-c_CTRL-K
    remove characters from cursor position till end of the line.

Ctrl-H                                         vifm-c_CTRL-H
Backspace                                      vifm-c_Backspace
    remove single character before the cursor.
Ctrl-D, Delete                                 vifm-c_CTRL-D vifm-c_Delete
    remove single character under the cursor.

Ctrl-W                                         vifm-c_CTRL-W
    remove characters from cursor position till beginning of previous word.
Alt-D                                          vifm-c_ALT-D
    remove characters from cursor position till beginning of next word.

Ctrl-T                                         vifm-c_CTRL-T
    swap the order of current and previous characters and move cursor forward
    or, if cursor past the end of line, swap the order of two last characters
    in the line.

Alt-.                                          vifm-c_ALT-.
    insert last part of previous command to current cursor position.
    Each next call inserts part of previous command.

Ctrl-G                                         vifm-c_CTRL-G
    edit command-line content in external editor.  See
    vifm-command-line-edit section for details.

Ctrl-N                                         vifm-c_CTRL-N
    recall more recent command-line from history.
Ctrl-P                                         vifm-c_CTRL-P
    recall older command-line from history.

Up                                             vifm-c_Up
    recall more recent command-line from history, that begins as the current
Down                                           vifm-c_Down
    recall older command-line from history, that begins as the current

Ctrl-] - trigger abbreviation expansion.       vifm-c_CTRL-]

Pasting special values

The shortcuts listed below insert specified values into current cursor
position.  Last key of every shortcut references value that it inserts:

 - c - [c]urrent file
 - d - [d]irectory path
 - e - [e]xtension of a file name
 - r - [r]oot part of a file name
 - t - [t]ail part of directory path

 - a - [a]utomatic filter
 - m - [m]anual filter
 - = - local filter, which is bound to "=" in normal mode

Values related to filelist in current pane are available through Ctrl-X
prefix, while values from the other pane have doubled Ctrl-X key as their
prefix (doubled Ctrl-X is presumably easier to type than uppercase
letters; it's still easy to remap the keys to correspond to names of
similar macros).

Ctrl-X c                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_c
    name of the current file of the active pane.

Ctrl-X d                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_d
    path to the current directory of the active pane.

Ctrl-X e                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_e
    extension of the current file of the active pane.

Ctrl-X r                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_r
    name root of current file of the active pane.

Ctrl-X t                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_t
    the last component of path to the current directory of the active pane.

Ctrl-X Ctrl-X c                                vifm-c_CTRL-X_CTRL-X_c
    name of the current file of the inactive pane.

Ctrl-X Ctrl-X d                                vifm-c_CTRL-X_CTRL-X_d
    path to the current directory of the inactive pane.

Ctrl-X Ctrl-X e                                vifm-c_CTRL-X_CTRL-X_e
    extension of the current file of the inactive pane.

Ctrl-X Ctrl-X r                                vifm-c_CTRL-X_CTRL-X_r
    name root of current file of the inactive pane.

Ctrl-X Ctrl-X t                                vifm-c_CTRL-X_CTRL-X_t
    the last component of path to the current directory of the inactive pane.

Ctrl-X a                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_a
    value of implicit permanent filter (old name "automatic") of the active

Ctrl-X m                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_m
    value of explicit permanent filter (old name "manual") of the active

Ctrl-X =                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_=
    value of local filter of the active pane.

Ctrl-X /                                       vifm-c_CTRL-X_/
    last pattern from search history.


vifm provides a facility to edit several kinds of data, that is usually edited
in command-line mode, in external editor (using command specified by
vifm-'vicmd' or vifm-'vixcmd' option).  This has at least two advantages
over built-in command-line mode:
 - one can use full power of Vim to edit text;
 - finding and reusing history entries becomes possible.

The facility is supported by four input submodes of the command-line:
 - command;
 - forward search;
 - backward search;
 - file rename (see vifm-cw and vifm-cW).

Editing command-line using external editor is activated by the vifm-c_CTRL-G
shortcut.  It's also possible to do almost the same from Normal and Visual
modes using vifm-q:, vifm-q/ and vifm-q? commands.

Temporary file created for the purpose of editing the line has the following
 1. First line, which is either empty or contains text already entered in
 2. 2nd and all other lines with history items starting with the most recent
    one.  Altering this lines in any way won't change history items stored by

After editing application is finished the first line of the file is taken as
the result of operation, when the application returns zero exit code.  If the
application returns an error (see :cquit command in Vim), all the edits made
to the file are ignored, but the initial value of the first line is saved in
appropriate history.


This is the mode that appears when status bar content is so big that it
doesn't fit on the screen.  One can identify the mode by "-- More --" message
at the bottom.

The following keys are handled in this mode:

Enter, Ctrl-J, j or Down - scroll one line down.
Backspace, k or Up - scroll one line up.

d - scroll one page (half of a screen) down.
u - scroll one page (half of a screen) up.

Space, f or PageDown - scroll down a screen.
b or PageUp - scroll up a screen.

G - scroll to the bottom.
g - scroll to the top.

q, Escape or Ctrl-C - quit the mode.
: - switch to command-line mode.


vifm-commands are executed with :command_name<Enter>

Commented out lines should start with the double quote symbol ("), which may be
preceded by whitespace characters intermixed with colons.  Inline comments can
be added at the end of the line after double quote symbol, only last line of a
multi-line command can contain such comment.  Not all commands support inline
comments as their syntax conflicts with names of registers and fields where
double quotes are allowed.

Most of the commands have two forms: complete and the short one.
This means the complete command is nohlsearch, and the short one is noh.

Most of command-line commands completely reset selection in the current view.
However, there are several exceptions:
 - `:invert s` most likely leaves some files selected;
 - :normal command (when it doesn't leave command-line mode);
 - :if and :else commands don't affect selection on successful execution.

'|' can be used to separate commands, so you can give multiple commands in one
line.  If you want to use '|' in an argument, precede it with '\'.

These commands see '|' as part of their arguments even when it's escaped:


To be able to use another command after one of these, wrap it with the
vifm-:execute command.  An example:

    if filetype('.') == 'reg' | execute '!!echo regular file' | endif

:number - move to the file number.
:12 would move to the 12th file in the list.
:0 move to the top of the list.
:$ move to the bottom of the list.
See vifm-ranges for the ranges implemented.

The only builtin :[count]command are :[count]d[elete] and :[count]y[ank].
:d3 - would delete three files starting at the current file position
    moving down.
:3d - would delete one file at the third line in the list.

See vifm-reserved for a list of reserved command names.

The builtin commands are:

    execute command via shell.  Accepts macros.
:[range]!command &
    Same as above, but the command is run in the background using vifm's means.
    Programs that write to stderr create error dialogs showing errors of the
    command.  Note the space before ampersand symbol, if you omit it, command
    is run in the background using job control of your shell.
    same as :!, but pauses before returning.
    repeat the last command.

    create absolute symbolic links to files in directory of inactive view.
    With "?" prompts for destination file names in an editor.  "!" forces
:[range]alink[!] path
    create absolute symbolic links to files in directory specified by the path
    (absolute or relative to directory of inactive view).
:[range]alink[!] name1 name2...
    create absolute symbolic links of files in directory of other view giving
    each next link a corresponding name from the argument list.

:apropos keyword...
    create a menu of items returned by the apropos command.  Selecting an item
    in the menu opens corresponding man page.  By default the command relies
    on the external "apropos" utility, which can be customized by altering
    value of the vifm-'aproposprg' option.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for
    repeat last :apropos command.

                                               vifm-:autocmd vifm-:au
:au[tocmd] {event} {pat} {cmd}
    register autocommand for the {event}, which can be:
      - DirEnter - triggered after directory is changed
    Event name is case insensitive.

    {pat} is a comma-separated list of modified globs patterns, which can
    contain tilde or environment variables.  All paths use slash ('/') as
    directory separator.  The pattern can start with a '!', which negates it.
    Patterns that do not contain slashes are matched against the last item of
    the path only (e.g. "dir" in "/path/dir").  Literal comma can be entered by
    doubling it.  Two modifications to globs matching are as follows:
      - *  - never matches a slash (i.e., can signify single directory level)
      - ** - matches any character (i.e., can match path of arbitrary depth)

    {cmd} is a :command or several of them separated with '|'.

    Examples of patterns:
      - conf.d      - matches conf.d directory anywhere
      - *.d         - matches directories ending with ".d" anywhere
      - **.git      - matches something.git, but not .git anywhere
      - **/.git/**  - matches /path/.git/objects, but not /path/.git
      - **/.git/**/ - matches /path/.git/ only (because of trailing slash)
      - /etc/*      - matches /etc/conf.d/, /etc/X11, but not /etc/X11/fs
      - /etc/**/*.d - matches /etc/conf.d, /etc/X11/conf.d, etc.
      - /etc/**/*   - matches /etc/ itself and any file below it
      - /etc/**/**  - matches /etc/ itself and any file below it

:au[tocmd] [{event}] [{pat}]
    list those autocommands that match given event-pattern combination.
    {event} and {pat} can be omitted to list all autocommands.  To list any
    autocommands for specific pattern one can use * placeholder in place of
:au[tocmd]! [{event}] [{pat}]
    remove autocommands that match given event-pattern combination.  Syntax
    is the same as for listing above.

:bmark tag1 [tag2 [tag3...]]
    bookmark current directory with specified tags.
:bmark! path tag1 [tag2 [tag3...]]
    same as :bmark, but allows bookmarking specific path instead of current
    directory.  This is for use in vifmrc and for bookmarking files.

    Path can contain macros that expand to single path (%c, %C, %d, %D) or
    those that can expand to multiple paths, but contain only one (%f, %F,
    %rx).  The latter is done for convenience on using the command
    interactively.  Complex macros that include spaces (e.g. "%c:gs/ /_")
    should be escaped.

    display all bookmarks in a menu.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for
:bmarks [tag1 [tag2...]]
    display menu of bookmarks that include all of the specified tags.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:bmgo [tag1 [tag2...]]
    when there are more than one match acts exactly like :bmarks, otherwise
    navigates to single match immediately (and fails if there is no match).

                                               vifm-:cabbrev vifm-:ca
    display menu of command-line mode abbreviations.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:ca[bbrev] lhs-prefix
    display command-line mode abbreviations which left-hand side starts with
    specified prefix.
:ca[bbrev] lhs rhs
    register new or overwrite existing abbreviation for command-line mode.
    rhs can contain spaces and any special sequences accepted in rhs of
    mappings (see vifm-mappings).  Abbreviations are expanded non-recursively.

    display menu of command-line mode abbreviations.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:cnorea[bbrev] lhs-prefix
    display command-line mode abbreviations which left-hand side starts with
    specified prefix.
:cnorea[bbrev] lhs rhs
    same as :cabbrev, but mappings in rhs are ignored during expansion.

:cd or :cd ~ or :cd $HOME
    change to home directory.
:cd -
    go to the last visited directory.
:cd ~/dir
    change directory to ~/dir.
:cd /curr/dir /other/dir
    change directory of the current pane to /curr/dir and directory of the
    other pane to /other/dir.  Relative paths are assumed to be relative to
    directory of current view.  Command won't fail if one of directories is
    invalid.  All forms of the command accept macros.
:cd! /dir
    same as :cd /dir /dir.

:cds[!] pattern string [flags]
    navigate to path obtained by substituting first match in current path.
    Arguments can include slashes, but starting first argument with a
    separator will activate below form of the command.  Specifying "!"
    changes directory of both panes.
    Available flags:
        i - ignore case (the vifm-'ignorecase' and vifm-'smartcase'
            options are not used)
        I - don't ignore case (the vifm-'ignorecase' and
            vifm-'smartcase' options are not used)
    same as above, but with vifm-:substitute-like syntax.  Other punctuation
    characters can be used as separators.

:c[hange]                                      vifm-:change vifm-:c
    show a dialog to alter properties of files.

    display file attributes (permission on *nix and properties on Windows)
    change dialog.
:[range]chmod[!] arg...                        {only for *nix}
    change permissions for files.  See `man 1 chmod` for arg format.  "!"
    means set permissions recursively.

                                               {only for *nix}
    same as vifm-co key in normal mode.
:[range]chown [user][:][group]
    change owner and/or group of files.  Operates on directories recursively.

    clone files in current directory.  With "?" prompts for destination file
    names in an editor.  "!" forces overwrite.  Macros are expanded.
:[range]clone[!] path
    clone files to directory specified with the path (absolute or relative to
    current directory).  Macros are expanded.
:[range]clone[!] name1 name2...
    clone files in current directory giving each next clone a corresponding
    name from the argument list.  Macros are expanded.

                                               vifm-:colorscheme vifm-:colo
    print current color scheme name on the status bar.
    display a menu with a list of available color schemes.  You can choose
    primary color scheme here.  It is used for view if no directory specific
    colorscheme fits current path.  It's also used to set border color (except
    view titles) and colors in menus and dialogs.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:colo[rscheme] color_scheme_name
    change primary color scheme to color_scheme_name.  In case of errors
    (e.g. some colors are not supported by terminal) either nothing is
    changed or color scheme is reset to builtin colors to ensure that TUI is
    left in a usable state.
:colo[rscheme] color_scheme_name directory
    associate directory with the color scheme.  The directory argument can
    be either absolute or relative path when :colorscheme command is executed
    from command line, but mandatory should be an absolute path when the
    command is executed in scripts loaded at startup (until vifm is
    completely loaded).
:colo[rscheme] color_scheme_name color_scheme_name...
    loads the first color scheme in the order given that exists and is supported
    by the terminal.  If none matches, current one remains unchanged.
    For example:
      " use a separate color scheme for panes which are inside FUSE mounts
      execute 'colorscheme in-fuse' &fusehome

:comc[lear]                                    vifm-:comclear vifm-:comc
    remove all user defined commands.

                                               vifm-:command vifm-:com
    display a menu of user commands.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for
:com[mand] prefix
    display user defined commands that start with the prefix.
:com[mand][!] name action[ &]
    set or redefine a user command.  Use :com[mand]! to overwrite a
    previously set command of the same name.  Builtin commands can't be

    User commands must start with an upper or lower case letter.  Command
    name can't contain special symbols except for a single trailing
    '?' or '!'.  Numbers are allowed provided that they don't cause parsing
    ambiguity (no command name prefix that precedes a digit can match an
    existing command unless it has a digit in the same place), for example:
      " good
      :command mp3 command
      " good
      :command mp4 command
      :command mp3! command
      :command mp4? command
      " bad
      :command mp command
      :command mp44 command
      " good
      :command mp4c command

    User commands are run in a shell by default (see below for syntax of other
    options).  To run a command in the background you must mark it as a
    background command by adding " &" after the command's action
    (e.g., `:com rm rm %f &`).

    User commands of all kinds have macros expanded in them.  See
    vifm-macros for more information.
:com[mand] name /pattern
    set search pattern.
:com[mand] name =pattern
    set local filter value.
:com[mand] name filter{:filter args}
    set file name filter (see vifm-:filter).  For example:
      " display only audio files
      :command onlyaudio filter/.+\.\(mp3|wav|mp3|flac|ogg|m4a|wma|ape\)$/i
      " display everything except audio files
      :command noaudio filter!/.+\.\(mp3|wav|mp3|flac|ogg|m4a|wma|ape\)$/i
:com[mand] name :commands
    set kind of an alias for internal commands (like in a shell).  Passes
    range given to the alias to aliased command, so running :%cp after
      :command cp :copy %a

:compare [byname | bysize | bycontents | listall | listunique | listdups |
          ofboth | ofone | groupids | grouppaths | skipempty]...
    compare files in one or two views according to the arguments.  The default
    is "bycontents listall ofboth grouppaths".  See vifm-compare-views for
    details.  Diff structure is incompatible with alternative representations,
    so values of vifm-'lsview' and vifm-'millerview' options are ignored.

:cope[n]                                       vifm-:copen vifm-:cope
    opens menu with contents of the last displayed menu with navigation to
    files by default, if any.

                                               vifm-:copy vifm-:co
:[range]co[py][!?][ &]
    copy files to directory of other view.  With "?" prompts for destination
    file names in an editor.  "!" forces overwrite.
:[range]co[py][!] path[ &]
    copy files to directory specified with the path (absolute or relative to
    directory of other view).  "!" forces overwrite.
:[range]co[py][!] name1 name2...[ &]
    copy files to directory of other view giving each next file a
    corresponding name from the argument list.  "!" forces overwrite.

:cq[uit][!]                                    vifm-:cquit vifm-:cq
    same as vifm-:quit, but also aborts directory choosing via
    vifm---choose-dir (empties output file) and returns non-zero exit code.

                                               vifm-:cunabbrev vifm-:cuna
:cuna[bbrev] lhs
    unregister command-line mode abbreviation by its lhs.
:cuna[bbrev] rhs
    unregister command-line mode abbreviation by its rhs, so that abbreviation
    could be removed even after expansion.

    remove bookmarks from current directory.
:delbmarks tag1 [tag2 [tag3...]]
    remove set of bookmarks that include all of the specified tags.
    remove all bookmarks.
:delbmarks! path1 [path2 [path3...]]
    remove bookmarks of listed paths.

:delc[ommand] user_command                     vifm-:delcommand vifm-:delc
    remove user defined command named user_command.

                                               vifm-:delete vifm-:d
:[range]d[elete][!] [reg] [count]
    delete selected or [count] files into [reg] (" by default).  "!" means
    complete removal (omitting trash).
:[range]d[elete][!] [count] &
    delete [count] files in background.  "!" means complete removal.

                                               vifm-:delmarks vifm-:delm
    delete all marks.
:delm[arks] marks ...
    delete specified marks, each argument is treated as a set of marks.

:delsession name
    delete specified session if it was stored previously.  Deleting current
    session doesn't detach it.

                                               vifm-:display vifm-:di
    display menu with registers content.
:di[splay] list
    display the contents of the numbered and named registers that are
    mentioned in list (for example "az to display "", "a and "z content).

:dirs                                          vifm-:dirs
    display directory stack in a menu.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for

:ec[ho] [<expr>...]                            vifm-:echo vifm-:ec
    evaluate each argument as an expression and output them separated with a
    space.  See vifm-:let for definition of <expr>.

:[range]e[dit] [file...]                       vifm-:edit vifm-:e
    open selected or passed file(s) in editor.  Macros and environment
    variables are expanded.

:el[se]                                        vifm-:else vifm-:el
    execute commands until next matching vifm-:endif if all other conditions
    didn't match.  See also vifm-:if and vifm-commands-and-selection.

:elsei[f] {expr1}                              vifm-:elseif vifm-:elsei
    execute commands until next matching vifm-:elseif, vifm-:else or
    vifm-:endif if conditions of previous :if and :elseif branches were
    evaluated to zero.  See also vifm-:if and vifm-commands-and-selection.

:empty                                         vifm-:empty
    permanently remove files from all existing non-empty trash directories (see
    vifm-trash).  Trash directories which are specified via %r and/or %u also
    get deleted completely.  Also remove all operations from undolist that have
    no sense after :empty and remove all records about files located inside
    directories from all registers.  Removal is performed as background task
    with undetermined amount of work and can be checked via vifm-:jobs menu.

:en[dif]                                       vifm-:endif vifm-:en
    end conditional block.  See also vifm-:if and vifm-:else.

:exe[cute] [<expr>...]                         vifm-:execute vifm-:exe
    evaluate each argument as an expression and join results separated by a
    space to get a single string which is then executed as a command-line
    command.  See vifm-:let for definition of <expr>.

:exi[t][!]                                     vifm-:exit vifm-:exi
    same as vifm-:quit.

                                               vifm-:file vifm-:f
:f[ile][ &]
    display menu of programs set for the file type of the current file.  " &"
    forces running associated program in background.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:f[ile] arg[ &]
    run associated command that begins with the arg skipping opening menu.  " &"
    forces running associated program in background.

                                               vifm-:filetype vifm-:filet
:filet[ype] pattern-list [{ descr }]def_program[ &],[{ descr }]prog2[ &],...
    associate given program list to each of the patterns.  Associated
    program (command) is used by handlers of l and Enter keys (and also in
    the :file menu).  If you need to insert comma into command just double
    it (",,").  Space followed by an ampersand as two last characters
    means running command in background.  Optional description can be given to
    each command to ease understanding of what command does in the :file menu.
    The rest of the programs for an association is inspected if the default
    one isn't found.  When program entry doesn't contain any of vifm macros,
    name of current file is appended as if program entry ended with %c macro
    on *nix and %"c on Windows.  On Windows path to executables containing
    spaces can (and should be for correct work with such paths) be double
    quoted.  See vifm-patterns for pattern definition and vifm-selection for
    how selection is handled.  See also vifm-fuse.
    Example for zip archives and several actions:

    filetype *.zip,*.jar,*.war,*.ear
           \ {Mount with fuse-zip}
           \ {View contents}
           \ zip -sf %c | less,
           \ {Extract here}
           \ tar -xf %c,

    Note that on OS X when open is used to call an app, vifm is unable to
    check whether that app is actually available.  So if automatic skipping
    of programs that aren't there is desirable, open should be replaced
    with an actual command.

:filet[ype] filename
    list (in menu mode) currently registered patterns that match specified
    file name.  Same as ":filextype filename".

                                               vifm-:filextype vifm-:filex
:filex[type] pattern-list [{ description }] def_program,program2,...
    same as :filetype, but this command is ignored if not running in X.  In
    X :filextype is equal to :filetype.  See vifm-patterns for pattern
    definition and vifm-selection for how selection is handled.  See also

    For example, consider the following settings (the order might seem
    strange, but it's for the demonstration purpose):

    filetype *.html,*.htm
            \ {View in lynx}
            \ lynx
    filextype *.html,*.htm
            \ {Open with dwb}
            \ dwb %f %i &,
    filetype *.html,*.htm
            \ {View in links}
            \ links
    filextype *.html,*.htm
            \ {Open with firefox}
            \ firefox %f &,
            \ {Open with uzbl}
            \ uzbl-browser %f %i &,

    If you're using vifm inside a terminal emulator that is running in
    graphical environment (when X is used on *nix; always on Windows), vifm
    attempts to run application in this order:

    1. lynx
    2. dwb
    3. links
    4. firefox
    5. uzbl

    If there is no graphical environment (checked by presence of non-empty
    $DISPLAY or $WAYLAND_DISPLAY environment variable on *nix; never happens
    on Windows), the list will look like:

    1. lynx
    2. links

    Just as if all :filextype commands were not there.

    The purpose of such differentiation is to allow comfortable use of vifm
    with same settings in desktop environment/through remote connection (SSH)/
    in native console.

    Note that on OS X $DISPLAY isn't defined unless you define it, so
    :filextype should be used only if you set $DISPLAY in some way.

:filext[ype] filename
    list (in menu mode) currently registered patterns that match specified
    file name.  Same as ":filetype filename".

                                               vifm-:fileviewer vifm-:filev
:filev[iewer] pattern-list command1,command2,...
    register specified list of commands as viewers for each of the patterns.
    Viewer is a command which output is captured and displayed in one of the
    panes of vifm after pressing vifm-e or running vifm-:view command.
    When the command doesn't contain any of vifm macros, name of current file
    is appended as if command ended with vifm-%c macro.  Comma escaping and
    missing commands processing rules as for vifm-:filetype apply to this
    command.  See vifm-patterns for pattern definition.  Supports

    Example for zip archives:

     fileviewer *.zip,*.jar,*.war,*.ear zip -sf %c, echo "No zip to preview:"

:filev[iewer] filename
    list (in menu mode) currently registered patterns that match specified

:filter[!] {pattern}
    filter files matching the pattern out of directory listings.  '!'
    controls state of filter inversion after updating filter value
    (see vifm-cpo-f).  Filter is matched case sensitively on *nix and
    case insensitively on Windows.  See vifm-filters and vifm-patterns.

        " filter all files ending in .o from the filelist.
        :filter /\.o$/

:filter[!] {empty-pattern}
    same as above, but use last search pattern as pattern value.

        :filter //I

    reset filter (set it to an empty string) and show all files.
    same as vifm-:invert.
    display information on local, name and auto filters.

                                               vifm-:find vifm-:fin
:[range]fin[d] pattern
    display results of find command in the menu.  Searche among selected
    files if any and no range given.  Macros are accepted.  By default the
    command relies on the external "find" utility, which can be customized
    by altering value of the vifm-'findprg' option.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:[range]fin[d] -opt...
    same as :find above, but user defines all find arguments.  Searches among
    selected files if any and no range given.
:[range]fin[d] path -opt...
    same as :find above, but user defines all find arguments.  Ignores
    selection and range.
    repeat last :find command.

:fini[sh]                                      vifm-:finish vifm-:fini
    stop script sourcing.  Can only be used in a vifm script file.  This is a
    quick way to skip processing of the rest of the file without even parsing

:go[to] path                                   vifm-:goto vifm-:go
    change directory if necessary and put specified path under the cursor.
    The path should be existing non-root path.  Macros and environment
    variables are expanded.

                                               vifm-:grep vifm-:gr
:[range]gr[ep][!] pattern
    display results of "grep" command in the menu.  Add "!" to request
    inversion of search (look for lines that do not match pattern).  Searches
    among selected files if any and no range given.  Ignores binary files by
    default.  By default the command relies on the external "grep" utility,
    which can be customized by altering value of the vifm-'grepprg' option.
    See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:[range]gr[ep][!] -opt...
    same as :grep above, but user defines all grep arguments, which are not
    escaped.  Searches among selected files if any.
    repeat last :grep command.  "!" of this command inverts "!" in repeated

                                               vifm-:help vifm-:h
    display documentation in editor.
:h[elp] argument
    same as using ':h argument' in vim.  Use vifm-<something> to get help on
    vifm (tab completion works and matches in the middle of the string as
    well).  This form of the command doesn't work when vifm-'vimhelp' option
    is off.

:hideui                                        vifm-:hideui
    hide interface to show previous commands' output.

                                               vifm-:highlight vifm-:hi
    display information about all highlight groups active at the moment.
:hi[ghlight] clear
    reset all highlighting to builtin defaults and removed all
    filename-specific rules.
:hi[ghlight] clear ( {pat1,pat2,...} | /regexp/ )
    remove specified rule.
:hi[ghlight] group-name | {pat1,pat2,...} | /regexp/
    display information on given highlight group or file name pattern of color
    scheme used in the active view.
:hi[ghlight] ( group-name | {pat1,pat2,...} | /regexp/[iI] )
             cterm=style | ctermfg=color | ctermbg=color |
             gui=style | guifg=color | guibg=color
    set style (cterm, gui), foreground (ctermfg, guifg) and/or
    background (ctermbg, guibg) parameters of highlight group or file name
    pattern for color scheme used in the active view.

All style values as well as color names are case insensitive.

Available style values (some of them can be combined):
 - bold
 - underline
 - reverse or inverse
 - standout
 - italic (on unsupported systems becomes reverse)
 - combine - add attributes of current group to attributes of the parent in
             group hierarchy (see below) instead of replacing them
 - none

Available group-name values:
 - Win - color of all windows (views, dialogs, menus) and default color for
         their content (e.g. regular files in views)
 - AuxWin - color of auxiliary areas of windows
 - OtherWin - color of inactive pane
 - Border - color of vertical parts of the border
 - TabLine - tab line color (for vifm-'tabscope' set to "global")
 - TabLineSel - color of the tip of selected tab (regardless of
 - TopLine - top line color of the other pane
 - TopLineSel - top line color of the current pane
 - CmdLine - the command line/status bar color
 - ErrorMsg - color of error messages in the status bar
 - StatusLine - color of the line above the status bar
 - JobLine - color of job line that appears above the status line
 - WildMenu - color of the wild menu items
 - SuggestBox - color of key suggestion box
 - CurrLine - line at cursor position in active view
 - OtherLine - line at cursor position in inactive view
 - OddLine - color of every second entry line in a pane
 - LineNr - line number column of views
 - Selected - color of selected files
 - Directory - color of directories
 - Link - color of symbolic links in the views
 - BrokenLink - color of broken symbolic links
 - HardLink - color of regular files with more than one hard link
 - Socket - color of sockets
 - Device - color of block and character devices
 - Executable - color of executable files
 - Fifo - color of fifo pipes
 - CmpMismatch - color of mismatched files in side-by-side comparison by paths
 - User1..User9 - 9 colors which can be used via %* vifm-'statusline' macro

Available colors:
 - -1 or default or none - transparent
 - black   and lightblack
 - red     and lightred
 - green   and lightgreen
 - yellow  and lightyellow
 - blue    and lightblue
 - magenta and lightmagenta
 - cyan    and lightcyan
 - white   and lightwhite
 - 0-255 - corresponding colors from 256-color palette
           (for ctermfg and ctermbg)
 - #rrggbb - direct ("gui", "true", 24-bit) color in hex-notation, each of
             the three compontents are in the range 0x00 to 0xff
             (for guifg and guibg)

Light versions of colors are regular colors with bold attribute set
automatically in terminals that have less than 16 colors.  So order of arguments
of :highlight command is important and it's better to put "cterm" in front of
others to prevent it from overwriting attributes set by "ctermfg" or "ctermbg"

For convenience of color scheme authors xterm-like names for 256 color palette
is also supported.  The mapping is taken from
Duplicated entries were altered by adding an underscore followed by numerical

  0 Black                  86 Aquamarine1           172 Orange3
  1 Red                    87 DarkSlateGray2        173 LightSalmon3_2
  2 Green                  88 DarkRed_2             174 LightPink3
  3 Yellow                 89 DeepPink4_2           175 Pink3
  4 Blue                   90 DarkMagenta           176 Plum3
  5 Magenta                91 DarkMagenta_2         177 Violet
  6 Cyan                   92 DarkViolet            178 Gold3_2
  7 White                  93 Purple                179 LightGoldenrod3
  8 LightBlack             94 Orange4_2             180 Tan
  9 LightRed               95 LightPink4            181 MistyRose3
 10 LightGreen             96 Plum4                 182 Thistle3
 11 LightYellow            97 MediumPurple3         183 Plum2
 12 LightBlue              98 MediumPurple3_2       184 Yellow3_2
 13 LightMagenta           99 SlateBlue1            185 Khaki3
 14 LightCyan             100 Yellow4               186 LightGoldenrod2
 15 LightWhite            101 Wheat4                187 LightYellow3
 16 Grey0                 102 Grey53                188 Grey84
 17 NavyBlue              103 LightSlateGrey        189 LightSteelBlue1
 18 DarkBlue              104 MediumPurple          190 Yellow2
 19 Blue3                 105 LightSlateBlue        191 DarkOliveGreen1
 20 Blue3_2               106 Yellow4_2             192 DarkOliveGreen1_2
 21 Blue1                 107 DarkOliveGreen3       193 DarkSeaGreen1_2
 22 DarkGreen             108 DarkSeaGreen          194 Honeydew2
 23 DeepSkyBlue4          109 LightSkyBlue3         195 LightCyan1
 24 DeepSkyBlue4_2        110 LightSkyBlue3_2       196 Red1
 25 DeepSkyBlue4_3        111 SkyBlue2              197 DeepPink2
 26 DodgerBlue3           112 Chartreuse2_2         198 DeepPink1
 27 DodgerBlue2           113 DarkOliveGreen3_2     199 DeepPink1_2
 28 Green4                114 PaleGreen3_2          200 Magenta2_2
 29 SpringGreen4          115 DarkSeaGreen3         201 Magenta1
 30 Turquoise4            116 DarkSlateGray3        202 OrangeRed1
 31 DeepSkyBlue3          117 SkyBlue1              203 IndianRed1
 32 DeepSkyBlue3_2        118 Chartreuse1           204 IndianRed1_2
 33 DodgerBlue1           119 LightGreen_2          205 HotPink
 34 Green3                120 LightGreen_3          206 HotPink_2
 35 SpringGreen3          121 PaleGreen1            207 MediumOrchid1_2
 36 DarkCyan              122 Aquamarine1_2         208 DarkOrange
 37 LightSeaGreen         123 DarkSlateGray1        209 Salmon1
 38 DeepSkyBlue2          124 Red3                  210 LightCoral
 39 DeepSkyBlue1          125 DeepPink4_3           211 PaleVioletRed1
 40 Green3_2              126 MediumVioletRed       212 Orchid2
 41 SpringGreen3_2        127 Magenta3              213 Orchid1
 42 SpringGreen2          128 DarkViolet_2          214 Orange1
 43 Cyan3                 129 Purple_2              215 SandyBrown
 44 DarkTurquoise         130 DarkOrange3           216 LightSalmon1
 45 Turquoise2            131 IndianRed             217 LightPink1
 46 Green1                132 HotPink3              218 Pink1
 47 SpringGreen2_2        133 MediumOrchid3         219 Plum1
 48 SpringGreen1          134 MediumOrchid          220 Gold1
 49 MediumSpringGreen     135 MediumPurple2         221 LightGoldenrod2_2
 50 Cyan2                 136 DarkGoldenrod         222 LightGoldenrod2_3
 51 Cyan1                 137 LightSalmon3          223 NavajoWhite1
 52 DarkRed               138 RosyBrown             224 MistyRose1
 53 DeepPink4             139 Grey63                225 Thistle1
 54 Purple4               140 MediumPurple2_2       226 Yellow1
 55 Purple4_2             141 MediumPurple1         227 LightGoldenrod1
 56 Purple3               142 Gold3                 228 Khaki1
 57 BlueViolet            143 DarkKhaki             229 Wheat1
 58 Orange4               144 NavajoWhite3          230 Cornsilk1
 59 Grey37                145 Grey69                231 Grey100
 60 MediumPurple4         146 LightSteelBlue3       232 Grey3
 61 SlateBlue3            147 LightSteelBlue        233 Grey7
 62 SlateBlue3_2          148 Yellow3               234 Grey11
 63 RoyalBlue1            149 DarkOliveGreen3_3     235 Grey15
 64 Chartreuse4           150 DarkSeaGreen3_2       236 Grey19
 65 DarkSeaGreen4         151 DarkSeaGreen2         237 Grey23
 66 PaleTurquoise4        152 LightCyan3            238 Grey27
 67 SteelBlue             153 LightSkyBlue1         239 Grey30
 68 SteelBlue3            154 GreenYellow           240 Grey35
 69 CornflowerBlue        155 DarkOliveGreen2       241 Grey39
 70 Chartreuse3           156 PaleGreen1_2          242 Grey42
 71 DarkSeaGreen4_2       157 DarkSeaGreen2_2       243 Grey46
 72 CadetBlue             158 DarkSeaGreen1         244 Grey50
 73 CadetBlue_2           159 PaleTurquoise1        245 Grey54
 74 SkyBlue3              160 Red3_2                246 Grey58
 75 SteelBlue1            161 DeepPink3             247 Grey62
 76 Chartreuse3_2         162 DeepPink3_2           248 Grey66
 77 PaleGreen3            163 Magenta3_2            249 Grey70
 78 SeaGreen3             164 Magenta3_3            250 Grey74
 79 Aquamarine3           165 Magenta2              251 Grey78
 80 MediumTurquoise       166 DarkOrange3_2         252 Grey82
 81 SteelBlue1_2          167 IndianRed_2           253 Grey85
 82 Chartreuse2           168 HotPink3_2            254 Grey89
 83 SeaGreen2             169 HotPink2              255 Grey93
 84 SeaGreen1             170 Orchid
 85 SeaGreen1_2           171 MediumOrchid1

There are two colors (foreground and background) and only one bold attribute.
Thus single bold attribute affects both colors when "reverse" attribute is used
in vifm run inside terminal emulator.  At the same time linux native console can
handle boldness of foreground and background colors independently, but for
consistency with terminal emulators this is available only implicitly by using
light versions of colors.  This behaviour might be changed in the future.

Although vifm supports 256 colors in a sense they are supported by UI drawing
library, whether you will be able to use all of them highly depends on your
terminal.  To set up terminal properly, make sure that $TERM in the
environment you run vifm is set to name of 256-color terminal (on *nixes it can
also be set via X resources), e.g. xterm-256color.  One can find list of
available terminal names by listing /usr/lib/terminfo/.  Number of colors
supported by terminal with current settings can be checked via "tput colors"

In order to use 24-bit colors one needs a terminal that supports them,
corresponding terminfo record (probably ends in "-direct" like in
"xterm-direct") and $TERM pointing to it.  When vifm detects direct color
support "cterm*" values are ignored for groups which have at least one of
"gui*" values set, otherwise they are used after translating via a builtin

Here is the hierarchy of highlight groups, which you need to know for using
          File name specific highlights
                  LineNr (in active pane)
                  LineNr (in inactive pane)
      TabLineSel (for pane tabs)

"none" means default terminal color for highlight groups at the first level
of the hierarchy and transparency for all others.

Here file name specific highlights mean those configured via globs ({}) or
regular expressions (//).  At most one of them is applied per file entry, namely
the first that matches file name, hence order of :highlight commands might be
important in certain cases.

:histnext                                      vifm-:histnext
    same as <c-i>.  The main use case for this command is to work around the
    common pain point of <tab> and <c-i> being the same ASCII character: one
    could alter the terminal emulator settings to emit, for example, the F1
    keycode when Ctrl-I is pressed, then `:noremap <f1> :histnext<cr>` in vifm,
    add "t" flag to the vifm-'cpoptions', and thus have both <c-i> and <tab>
    working as expected.

                                               vifm-:history vifm-:his
    display a menu with list of visited directories.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:his[tory] x
    where x can be:
      d[ir]     or .  show directory history.
      c[md]     or :  show command line history.
      s[earch]  or /  show search history and search forward on l key.
      f[search] or /  show search history and search forward on l key.
      b[search] or ?  show search history and search backward on l key.
      i[nput]   or @  show prompt history (e.g. on one file renaming).
      fi[lter]  or =  show filter history (see vifm-=).
    See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:histprev                                      vifm-:histprev
    same as <c-o>.

:if {expr1}                                    vifm-:if
    start conditional block.  Commands are executed until next matching
    vifm-:elseif, vifm-:else or vifm-:endif command if {expr1} evaluates
    to non-zero, otherwise they are ignored.  See also

      if $TERM == 'screen.linux'
          highlight CurrLine ctermfg=lightwhite ctermbg=lightblack
      elseif $TERM == 'tmux'
          highlight CurrLine cterm=reverse ctermfg=black ctermbg=white
          highlight CurrLine cterm=bold,reverse ctermfg=black ctermbg=white

:invert [f]
    invert file name filter.
:invert? [f]
    display current filter state.
:invert s
    invert selection.  See also vifm-commands-and-selection.
:invert o
    invert sorting order of the primary sorting key.
:invert? o
    display sorting order of the primary sorting key.

:jobs                                          vifm-:jobs
    display menu of current backgrounded processes.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:let $ENV_VAR = <expr>
    set an environment variable.  Note: setting environment variable to an
    empty string on Windows removes it.
:let $ENV_VAR .= <expr>
    append value to environment variable.
:let &[l:|g:]opt = <expr>
    sets option value.
:let &[l:|g:]opt .= <expr>
    append value to string option.
:let &[l:|g:]opt += <expr>
    increasing option value, adding sub-values.
:let &[l:|g:]opt -= <expr>
    decreasing option value, removing sub-values.

Where <expr> could be a single-quoted string, double-quoted string, an
environment variable, function call or a concatanation of any of them in any
order using the '.' operator.  Any whitespace is ignored.

:locate filename
    use "locate" command to create a menu of file names.  Selecting a file
    from the menu reloads current file list in vifm to navigate to the file.
    By default the command relies on the external "locate" utility (it's
    assumed that its database is already built), which can be customized by
    altering value of the vifm-'locateprg' option.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
    repeat last :locate command.

:ls                                            vifm-:ls
    list windows of active terminal multiplexer (only when terminal
    multiplexer is used).  This is achieved by issuing proper command for
    active terminal multiplexer, thus the list is not handled by vifm.

:lstrash                                       vifm-:lstrash
    display a menu with list of files in trash.  Each element of the list is
    original path of a deleted file, thus the list can contain duplicates.
    See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:[range]ma[rk][?] x /full/path [filename]      vifm-:mark vifm-:ma
    set mark x (a-zA-Z0-9) at /full/path and filename.  By default current
    directory is used.  If no filename was given and /full/path is current
    directory then last file in [range] is being used.  Using of macros is
    allowed.  Question mark stops command from overwriting existing marks.

    display menu of all marks.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.
:marks list ...
    display the contents of the marks that are mentioned in list.

:media                                         {only for *nix}
    display media management menu.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for
    controls.  See also vifm-'mediaprg' option.

:mes[sages]                                    vifm-:messages vifm-:mes
    display previously given status bar messages (up to 50).

:[line]mkdir[!] dir...                         vifm-:mkdir
    create directories at specified paths.  The [line] can be used to pick
    node in a tree-view.  "!" means make parent directories
    as needed.  Macros are expanded.

                                               vifm-:move vifm-:m
:[range]m[ove][!?][ &]
    move files to directory of other view.  With "?" prompts for destination
    file names in an editor.  "!" forces overwrite.
:[range]m[ove][!] path[ &]
    move files to directory specified with the path (absolute or relative to
    directory of other view).  "!" forces overwrite.
:[range]m[ove][!] name1 name2...[ &]
    move files to directory of other view giving each next file a
    corresponding name from the argument list.  "!" forces overwrite.

:noh[lsearch]                                  vifm-:nohlsearch vifm-:noh
    clear selection in current pane.

:norm[al][!] commands                          vifm-:normal vifm-:norm
    execute normal mode commands.  If "!" is used, user defined mappings are
    ignored.  Unfinished last command is aborted as if <esc> or <c-c> was
    typed.  A ":" should be completed as well.  Commands can't start with a
    space, so put a count of 1 (one) before it.

:on[ly]                                        vifm-:only vifm-:on
    switch to a one window view.

:plugin load
    loads all plugins.  To be used in configuration file to manually load
    plugins at an earlier point.  The plugins can be loaded only once,
    additional calls will do nothing.
:plugin blacklist {plugin}
    adds {plugin} to the list of plugins to be ignored.
:plugin whitelist {plugin}
    adds {plugin} to the list of plugins to be loaded while ignoring all
    other plugins.  This list should normally be empty.

:plugins                                       vifm-:plugins
    open plugins menu.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:popd                                          vifm-:popd
    remove pane directories from stack.

:pushd[!] /curr/dir [/other/dir]
    add pane directories to stack and process arguments like :cd command.
    exchange top two items of the directory stack.

:[line]pu[t][!] [reg] [ &]                     vifm-:put vifm-:pu
    put files from specified register (" by default) into current directory.
    The [line] can be used to pick node in a tree-view.  "!" moves files
    from their original location instead of copying them.  During this
    operation no confirmation dialogs will be shown, all checks are performed

:pw[d]                                         vifm-:pwd vifm-:pw
    display the present working directory.

:qa[ll]!                                       vifm-:qall vifm-:qa
    exit vifm (add ! to skip saving changes and checking for active
    backgrounded commands).

:q[uit][!]                                     vifm-:quit vifm-:q
    if there is more than one tab, close the current one, otherwise exit
    vifm (add ! to skip saving state and checking for active backgrounded

:redr[aw]                                      vifm-:redraw vifm-:redr
    redraw the screen immediately.

                                               vifm-:registers vifm-:reg
    display menu with registers content.
:reg[isters] list
    display the contents of the numbered and named registers that are
    mentioned in list (for example "az to display "", "a and "z content).

:regular                                       vifm-:regular
    switch to regular view leaving custom view.

    rename files by editing their names in an editor.  "!" renames files
    recursively in subdirectories.  See vifm-ext-rename.
:[range]rename name1 name2...
    rename each of selected files to a corresponding name.

    free a lot of things (histories, commands, etc.), reread vifminfo, vifmrc
    and session files and run startup commands passed in the argument list,
    thus losing all unsaved changes (e.g. recent history or keys mapped after
    starting this instance).  Session that wasn't yet stored gets reset.

    While many things get reset, some basic UI state and current locations
    are preserved, including tabs.
:restart full
    variation of :restart that makes no attempt to preserve anything.

:[range]restore                                vifm-:restore
    restore file from vifm-trash directory, doesn't work outside one of trash

    create relative symbolic links to files in directory of other view.  With
    "?" prompts for destination file names in an editor. "!" forces overwrite.
:[range]rlink[!] path
    create relative symbolic links of files in directory specified with the
    path (absolute or relative to directory of other view).  "!" forces
:[range]rlink[!] name1 name2...
    create relative symbolic links of files in directory of other view giving
    each next link a corresponding name from the argument list.  "!" forces

    toggle whether to use the terminal multiplexer or not.  A terminal
    multiplexer uses pseudo terminals to allow multiple windows to be used in
    the console or in a single xterm.  Starting vifm from terminal multiplexer
    with appropriate support turned on causes vifm to open a new terminal
    multiplexer window for each new file edited or program launched from vifm.
    This requires screen version 3.9.9 or newer for the screen -X argument or
    tmux (1.8 version or newer is recommended).
    enable integration with terminal multiplexers.
    display whether integration with terminal multiplexers is enabled.

Note: the command is called screen for historical reasons (when tmux wasn't
yet supported) and might be changed in future releases, or get an alias.

    select files in the given range (current file if no range is given).
:select {pattern}
    select files that match specified pattern.  Possible {pattern} forms are
    described in vifm-patterns.  Trailing slash for directories is taken
    into account, so `:select! */ | invert s` selects only files.
:select //[iI]
    same as item above, but reuses last search pattern.
:select !{external command}
    select files from the list supplied by external command.  Files are
    matched by full paths, relative paths are converted to absolute ones
:[range]select! [{pattern}|!{external command}]
    same as above, but resets previously selected items before proceeding.

    print name of the current session.
    detach current session without saving it.  Resets vifm-v:session.
:session name
    create or load and switch to a session with the specified name.  Name
    can't contain slashes.  Session active at the moment is saved before the
    switch.  Session is also automatically saved when quiting the
    application in usual ways.  Sets vifm-v:session.

                                               vifm-:set vifm-:se
    display all options that differ from their default value.
:se[t] all
    display all options.
:se[t] opt1=val1 opt2='val2' opt3="val3" ...
    sets given options.  For vifm-local-options both values are set.
    You can use the following syntax:
     - for all options - option, option? and option&
     - for boolean options - nooption, invoption and option!
     - for integer options - option=x, option+=x and option-=x
     - for string options - option=x and option+=x
     - for string list options - option=x, option+=x, option-=x and option^=x
     - for enumeration options - option=x, option+=x and option-=x
     - for set options - option=x, option+=x, option\-=x and option^=x
     - for charset options - option=x, option+=x, option-=x and option^=x
    the meaning:
     - option - turn option on (for boolean) or print its value (for all
     - nooption - turn option off
     - invoption - invert option state
     - option! - invert option state
     - option? - print option value
     - option& - reset option to its default value
     - option=x or option:x - set option to x
     - option+=x - add/append x to option
     - option-=x - remove (or subtract) x from option
     - option^=x - toggle x presence among values of the option

    Option name can be prepended and appended by any number of whitespace

                                               vifm-:setglobal vifm-:setg
    display all global options that differ from their default value.
:setg[lobal] all
    display all global options.
:setg[lobal] opt1=val1 opt2='val2' opt3="val3" ...
    same as vifm-:set, but changes/prints only global options or global
    values of local options.  Changes to the latter might be not visible until
    directory is changed.

                                               vifm-:setlocal vifm-:setl
    display all local options that differ from their default value.
:setl[ocal] all
    display all local options.
:setl[ocal] opt1=val1 opt2='val2' opt3="val3" ...
    same as vifm-:set, but changes/prints only local values of local

:sh[ell][!]                                    vifm-:shell vifm-:sh
    start a shell in current directory.  "!" suppresses spawning dedicated
    window of terminal multiplexer for a shell.  To make vifm adaptive to
    environment it uses $SHELL if it's defined, otherwise vifm-'shell'
    value is used.

:[count]siblnext[!]                                   vifm-:siblnext
    change directory to [count]th next sibling directory of current path
    using value of global sort option of current pane.  "!" enables wrapping.

    For example, say, you're at /boot and root listing starts like this:
    Issuing :siblnext will navigate to /dev.

:[count]siblprev[!]                                   vifm-:siblprev
    same as :siblnext, but in the opposite direction.

:sor[t]                                        vifm-:sort vifm-:sor
    display dialog with different sorting methods, where one can select
    the primary sorting key.  When vifm-'viewcolumns' options is empty and
    vifm-'lsview' is off, changing primary sorting key also affects view
    look (in particular the second column of the view is changed).
    See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:so[urce] file                                 vifm-:source vifm-:so
    read command-line commands from the file.

                                               vifm-:split vifm-:sp
    switch to a two window horizontal view.
    toggle horizontal window splitting.
:sp[lit] path
    split window horizontally to show both file directories.  Also changes
    other pane to the path (absolute or relative to current directory of
    active pane).

                                               vifm-:stop vifm-:st
    suspend vifm (same as pressing Ctrl-Z).  Does nothing if this instance
    isn't running in a shell.  The command exists to allow mapping to the
    action of Ctrl-Z.

                                               vifm-:substitute vifm-:s
    for each file in range replace a match of pattern with string.  String
    can contain \0...\9 to link to capture groups (0 - all match, 1 - first
    group, etc.).  Pattern is stored in the search history.
    Available flags:
        i - ignore case (the vifm-'ignorecase' and vifm-'smartcase'
            options are not used)
        I - don't ignore case (the vifm-'ignorecase' and
            vifm-'smartcase' options are not used)
        g - substitute all matches in each file name (each g toggles this)
    substitute pattern with an empty string.
    use last pattern from search history.
    repeat previous substitution command.

:sync [relative path]
    change the other pane to the current pane directory or to some path
    relative to the current directory.  Using of macros is allowed.
    change the other pane to the current pane directory and synchronize
    cursor position.  If current pane displays custom list of files, position
    before entering it is used (current one might not make any sense).
:sync! [location | cursorpos | localopts | filters | filelist | tree | all]...
    change enumerated properties of the other pane to match corresponding
    properties of the current pane.  Arguments have the following meanings:
     - location - current directory of the pane;
     - cursorpos - cursor position (doesn't make sense without "location");
     - localopts - all local options;
     - filters - all filters;
     - filelist - list of files for custom view (implies "location");
     - tree - tree structure for tree view (implies "location");
     - all - all of the above.

:tabc[lose]                                    vifm-:tabclose vifm-:tabc
    close current tab, unless it's the only one open at current scope.

:tabm[ove] [N]                                 vifm-:tabmove vifm-:tabm
    without the argument or with $ as the argument, current tab becomes
    the last tab.  With the argument, current tab is moved after the tab
    with the specified number.  Argument of 0 moves current tab to the
    first position.

:tabname [name]                                vifm-:tabname
    set, update or reset (when no argument is provided) name of the current

:tabnew [path]                                 vifm-:tabnew
    create new tab.  Accepts optional path for the new tab.  Macros and
    environment variables are expanded.

                                               vifm-:tabnext vifm-:tabn
    switch to the next tab (wrapping around).
:tabn[ext] {n}
    go to the tab number {n}.  Tab numeration starts with 1.

                                               vifm-:tabonly vifm-:tabo
    close all tabs but the current one.  Closes pane tabs only at the active

                                               vifm-:tabprevious vifm-:tabp
    switch to the previous tab (wrapping around).
:tabp[revious] {n}
    go to the {n}-th previous tab.  Note that vifm-:tabnext handles its
    argument differently.

:[line]touch file...                           vifm-:touch
    create files at specified paths.  Aborts on errors.  Doesn't update time
    of existing files.  The [line] can be used to pick node in a tree-view.
    Macros are expanded.

:[range]tr/pattern/string/                     vifm-:tr
    for each file in range transliterate the characters which appear in
    pattern to the corresponding character in string.  When string is shorter
    than pattern, it's padded with its last character.

    list all valid trash directories in a menu.  Only non-empty and writable
    trash directories are shown.  This is exactly the list of directories that
    are cleared when vifm-:empty command is executed.
    same as :trashes, but also displays size of each trash directory.  See
    vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:tree [depth=N]
    turn pane into tree view with current directory as its root.  The tree
    view is implemented on top of a custom view, but is automatically kept in
    sync with file system state and considers all the filters.  Thus the
    structure corresponds to what one would see on visiting the directories
    manually.  As a special case for trees built out of custom view
    file-system tracking isn't performed.

    To leave tree view go up from its root or use vifm-gh at any level of
    the tree.  Any command that changes directory will also do, in
    particular, `:cd ..`

    Tree structure is incompatible with alternative representations, so
    values of vifm-'lsview' and vifm-'millerview' options are ignored.

    The "depth" argument specifies nesting level on which loading of
    subdirectories won't happen (they will be folded).  Values start at 1.
    toggle current view in and out of tree mode.

:undol[ist]                                    vifm-:undolist vifm-:undol
    display list of latest changes.  Use "!" to see actual commands.
    See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for controls.

:unl[et][!] $ENV_VAR1 $ENV_VAR2 ...            vifm-:unlet vifm-:unl
    remove environment variables.  Use "!" to omit displaying of warnings
    about nonexistent variables.

    unselect files in the given range (current file if no range is given).
:unselect {pattern}
    unselect files that match specified pattern.  Possible {pattern} forms are
    described in vifm-patterns.  Trailing slash for directories is taken
    into account, so `:unselect */` unselects directories.
:unselect !{external command}
    unselect files from the list supplied by external command.  Files are
    matched by full paths, relative paths are converted to absolute ones
:unselect //[iI]
    same as item above, but reuses last search pattern.

:ve[rsion]                                     vifm-:version vifm-:ve
    display menu with version information.

:vifm                                          vifm-:vifm
    same as :version.

                                               vifm-:view vifm-:vie
    toggle on and off the quick file view (preview of file's contents).
    See also vifm-'quickview' option.
    turn on quick file view if it's off.

:volumes                                       {only for MS-Windows}
    display menu with volume list.  Hitting l (or Enter) key opens
    appropriate volume in the current pane.  See vifm-menus-and-dialogs for

                                               vifm-:vsplit vifm-:vs
    switch to a two window vertical view.
    toggle window vertical splitting.
:vs[plit] path
    split the window vertically to show both file directories.  Also changes
    other pane to the path (absolute or relative to current directory of active

:[count]winc[md] {arg}                         vifm-:wincmd vifm-:winc
    same as running Ctrl-W [count] {arg}.

:windo [command...]                            vifm-:windo
    execute command for each pane (same as :winrun % command).

:winrun type [command...]                      vifm-:winrun
    execute command for pane(s), which is determined by type argument:
      - ^ - top-left pane
      - $ - bottom-right pane
      - % - all panes
      - . - current pane
      - , - other pane

:w[rite]                                       vifm-:write vifm-:w
    write current state to vifminfo and session files (if a session is

:wq[!]                                         vifm-:wq
    same as vifm-:quit, but "!" disables only the check of backgrounded
    commands, while state of the application is always written.

:wqa[ll][!]                                    vifm-:wqall vifm-:wqa
    same as vifm-:qall, but ! disables only the check of backgrounded
    commands, while state of the application is always written.

:xa[ll][!]                                     vifm-:xall vifm-:xa
    same as vifm-:qall.

:x[it][!]                                      vifm-:xit vifm-:x
    same as vifm-:quit.

:[range]y[ank] [reg] [count]                   vifm-:yank vifm-:y
    yank files to the reg register.

:map lhs rhs
    map lhs key sequence to rhs in normal and visual modes.
:map! lhs rhs
    map lhs key sequence to rhs in command line mode.

                                               vifm-:cmap vifm-:cm
                                               vifm-:dmap vifm-:dm
                                               vifm-:mmap vifm-:mm
                                               vifm-:nmap vifm-:nm
                                               vifm-:qmap vifm-:qm
                                               vifm-:vmap vifm-:vm
:cm[ap] lhs rhs - map lhs to rhs in command line mode.
:dm[ap] lhs rhs - map lhs to rhs in dialog modes.
:mm[ap] lhs rhs - map lhs to rhs in menu mode.
:nm[ap] lhs rhs - map lhs to rhs in normal mode.
:qm[ap] lhs rhs - map lhs to rhs in view mode.
:vm[ap] lhs rhs - map lhs to rhs in visual mode.

:cm[ap] - list all maps of command line mode.
:dm[ap] - list all maps of dialog modes.
:mm[ap] - list all maps of menu mode.
:nm[ap] - list all maps of normal mode.
:qm[ap] - list all maps of view mode.
:vm[ap] - list all maps of visual mode.

:cm[ap] beginning
    list all maps of command line mode that start with the beginning.
:dm[ap] beginning
    list all maps of dialog modes that start with the beginning.
:mm[ap] beginning
    list all maps of menu mode that start with the beginning.
:nm[ap] beginning
    list all maps of normal mode that start with the beginning.
:qm[ap] beginning
    list all maps of view mode that start with the beginning.
:vm[ap] beginning
    list all maps of visual mode that start with the beginning.

                                               vifm-:noremap vifm-:no
:no[remap] lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for normal and visual modes, but
    don't expand user mappings in rhs.
:no[remap]! lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for command line mode, but don't expand
    user mappings in rhs.

                                               vifm-:cnoremap vifm-:cno
                                               vifm-:dnoremap vifm-:dn
                                               vifm-:mnoremap vifm-:mn
                                               vifm-:nnoremap vifm-:nn
                                               vifm-:qnoremap vifm-:qn
                                               vifm-:vnoremap vifm-:vn
:cno[remap] lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for command line mode, but don't expand
    user mappings in rhs.
:dn[oremap] lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for dialog modes, but don't expand user
    mappings in rhs.
:mn[oremap] lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for menu mode, but don't expand user
    mappings in rhs.
:nn[oremap] lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for normal mode, but don't expand user
    mappings in rhs.
:qn[oremap] lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for view mode, but don't expand user
    mappings in rhs.
:vn[oremap] lhs rhs
    map the key sequence lhs to rhs for visual mode, but don't expand user
    mappings in rhs.

                                               vifm-:unmap vifm-:unm
:unm[ap] lhs
    remove user mapping of lhs from normal and visual modes.
:unm[ap]! lhs
    remove user mapping of lhs from command line mode.

                                               vifm-:cunmap vifm-:cu
                                               vifm-:dunmap vifm-:du
                                               vifm-:munmap vifm-:mu
                                               vifm-:nunmap vifm-:nun
                                               vifm-:qunmap vifm-:qun
                                               vifm-:vunmap vifm-:vu
:cu[nmap] lhs - remove user mapping of lhs from command line mode.
:du[nmap] lhs - remove user mapping of lhs from dialog modes.
:mu[nmap] lhs - remove user mapping of lhs from menu mode.
:nun[map] lhs - remove user mapping of lhs from normal mode.
:qun[map] lhs - remove user mapping of lhs from view mode.
:vu[nmap] lhs - remove user mapping of lhs from visual mode.

The ranges implemented include:
  2,3 - from second to third file in the list (including it)
  % - the entire directory.
  . - the current position in the filelist.
  $ - the end of the filelist.
  't - the mark position t.

  :%delete would delete all files in the directory.
  :2,4delete would delete the files in the list positions 2 through 4.
  :.,$delete would delete the files from the current position to the end
    of the filelist.
  :3delete4 would delete the files in the list positions 3, 4, 5, 6.

If a backward range is given :4,2delete - an query message is given and
user can chose what to do next.

The builtin commands that accept a range are :d[elete] and :y[ank].

Command macros
The command macros may be used in user commands.
  %a        user arguments.  When user arguments contain macros, they are
            expanded before preforming substitution of %a.
  %c  %"c   the current file under the cursor.
  %C  %"C   the current file under the cursor in the other directory.
  %f  %"f   all of the selected files, but see vifm-selection.
  %F  %"F   all of the selected files in the other directory list,
            but see vifm-selection.
  %b  %"b   same as %f %F.
  %d  %"d   full path to current directory.
  %D  %"D   full path to other file list directory.
  %rx %"rx  full paths to files in the register {x}.  In case of invalid
            symbol in place of {x}, it's processed with the rest of the
            line and default register is used.
  %m        show command output in a menu.
  %M        same as %m, but l (or Enter) key is handled like for :locate
            and :find commands.
  %u        process command output as list of paths and compose custom view
            out of it.
  %U        same as %u, but implies less list updates inside vifm, which is
            absence of sorting at the moment.
  %Iu       same as %u, but gives up terminal before running external
  %IU       same as %U, but gives up terminal before running external
  %S        show command output in the status bar.
  %q        redirect command output to quick view, which is activated if
  %s        execute command in horizontal split window of active terminal
            multiplexer (ignored if not running inside one).
  %v        same as %s, but splits vertically.
  %n        forbid use of terminal multiplexer to run the command.
  %i        completely ignore command output.  For background jobs this
            suppresses error dialogs, while still storing errors
            internally for viewing via vifm-:jobs menu.

  %Pl       pipe list of files to standard input of a command.
  %Pz       same as %Pz, but separates paths by null ('\0') character.

  %pc       marks the end of the main command and the beginning of the
            clear command for graphical preview, which is invoked on
            closing preview of a file.

  %pd       marks a preview command as one that directly communicates
            with the terminal.  Beware that this is for things like sixel
            which are self-contained sequences that depend only on current
            cursor position, using this with anything else is likely to
            mangle terminal state.

  The following dimensions and coordinates are in characters:
  %px       x coordinate of top-left corner of preview area.
  %py       y coordinate of top-left corner of preview area.
  %pw       width of preview area.
  %ph       height of preview area.

Use %% if you need to put a percent sign in your command.

Note that %i, %Iu, %IU, %m, %M, %n, %q, %s, %S, %u, %U and %v macros are
mutually exclusive.  Only the last one of them on the command will take

Note that %Pl and %Pz are mutually exclusive.  Only the last one of them on
the command will take effect.

You can use file name modifiers after %c, %C, %f, %F, %b, %d and %D macros.
Supported modifiers are:
    :p           - full path
    :u           - UNC name of path (e.g. "\\server" in "\\server\share"),
                   Windows only.  Expands to current computer name for not
                   UNC paths.
    :~           - relative to the home directory
    :.           - relative to current directory
    :h           - head of the file name
    :t           - tail of the file name
    :r           - root of the file name (without last extension)
    :e           - extension of the file name (last one)
    :s?pat?sub?  - substitute the first occurrence of "pat" with "sub".  You
                   can use any character for '?', but it must not occur in pat
                   or sub
    :gs?pat?sub? - like :s, but substitutes all occurrences of "pat" with
See filename-modifiers for the detailed description.

Using %x means expand corresponding macro escaping all characters that have
special meaning.  And %"x means using of double quotes and escape only backslash
and double quote characters, which is more useful on Windows systems.

Position and quantity (if there is any) of %m, %M, %S or %s macros in the
command is unimportant.  All their occurrences are removed from the resulting

%c and %f macros are expanded to file names only, when %C and %F are expanded
to full paths.  %f and %F follow this in %b too.

:com move mv %f %D - set the :move command to move all of the files
selected in the current directory to the other directory.

The %a macro is replaced with any arguments given to an alias command.  All
arguments are considered optional.
:com lsl !!ls -l %a - set the lsl command to execute ls -l with or without an

:lsl<Enter> will list the directory contents of the current directory.
:lsl filename<Enter> will list only the given filename.

The macros can also be used in directly executing commands.
:!mv %f %D - would move the current directory selected files to the other

Appending & to the end of a command causes it to be executed in the
background.  Typically you want to run two kinds of external commands in the
 - GUI applications that doesn't fork thus block vifm (:!sxiv %f &);
 - console tools that do not work with terminal (:!mv %f %D &).
You don't want to run terminal commands which require terminal input or
output something in background because they will mess up vifm's TUI.  Anyway,
if you did run such a command, you can use Ctrl-L key to update vifm's TUI.

Rewriting the example command with macros given above with backgrounding:

 :!mv %f %D &

%m, %M, %s, %S, %u and %U macros cannot be combined with background
mark (" &") as it doesn't make much sense.


Copy and move operation can take a lot of time to proceed.  That's why vifm
supports backgrounding of this two operations.  To run :copy, :move or :delete
command in the background just add " &" at the end of a command.

For each background operation a new thread is created.  Job cancellation can
be requested in the vifm-:jobs menu via dd shortcut.

You can see if command is still running in the :jobs menu.  Backgrounded
commands have progress instead of process id at the line beginning.

Background operations cannot be undone.


Note that cancellation works somewhat different on Windows platform due to
different mechanism of break signal propagation.  One also might need to use
Ctrl-Break shortcut instead of Ctrl-C.

There are two types of operations that can be cancelled:
 - file system operations;
 - mounting with FUSE (but not unmounting as it can cause loss of data);
 - calls of external applications.

Note that vifm never terminates applications, it sends SIGINT signal and lets
the application quit normally.

When one of set of operations is cancelled (e.g. copying of 5th file of 10
files), further operations are cancelled too.  In this case undo history will
contain only actually performed operations.

Cancelled operations are indicated by "(cancelled)" suffix appended to
information message on statusbar.

File system operations

Currently the following commands can be cancelled: vifm-:alink, vifm-:chmod,
vifm-:chown, vifm-:clone, vifm-:copy, vifm-:delete, vifm-:mkdir, vifm-:move,
vifm-:restore, vifm-:rlink, vifm-:touch.  File putting (vifm-p, vifm-P) can
be cancelled as well.  It's not hard to see that these are mainly
long-running operations.

Cancelling commands when they are repeated for undo/redo operations is allowed
for convenience, but is not recommended as further undo/redo operations might
get blocked by side-effects of partially cancelled group of operations.

These commands can't be cancelled: vifm-:empty, vifm-:rename,
vifm-:substitute, vifm-:tr.

Mounting with FUSE

It's not considered to be an error, so only notification on the status bar is

External application calls

Each of this operations can be cancelled: vifm-:apropos, vifm-:find,
vifm-:grep, vifm-:locate.


If there is a selection, it's stashed before proceeding further unless file
under the cursor is part of that selection.  This means that when macros are
expanded for vifm-:filetype or vifm-:filextype programs, %f and %F
become equivalent to %c and %C respectively if current file is not selected.
So you run selection by running one of selected files, otherwise you're
running a single file even if there are other selected entries.

When running a selection it must not include broken symbolic links, has to be
consistent and set of file handlers must be compatible.  Consistency means
that selection contains either only directories (including links to them) or
only files, but not their mix.

Compatibility is a more sophisticated check, but it's defined in a natural way
so that you get what you'd expect.  The following properties of selection are
taken into account while checking it for compatibility and deciding how to
handle it:

    1. If there any files for which handler isn't defined, then all files are
       opened using vifm-'vicmd' or vifm-'vixcmd'.

    2. If all handlers match the following criteria:
        - backgrounded
        - include %c and/or %C
        - include neither %f nor %F
       then each file is executed independently of the rest.

    3. If all handlers are equal, the common handler is executed.  This
       handler might ignore selection and process only file under the cursor.

    4. Otherwise, an error is reported, because handlers differ and they
       don't support parallel execution.


vifm-:highlight, vifm-:filetype, vifm-:filextype, vifm-:fileviewer
commands and vifm-'classify' option support globs, regular expressions and
mime types to match file names or their paths.

There are six possible ways to write a single pattern:
 1. [!]{comma-separated-name-globs}
 2. [!]{{comma-separated-path-globs}}
 3. [!]/name-regular-expression/[iI]
 4. [!]//path-regular-expression//[iI]
 5. [!]<comma-separated-mime-type-globs>
 6. undecorated-pattern

First five forms can include leading exclamation mark that negates pattern

The last form is implicitly refers to one of the others.  vifm-:highlight
does not accept undecorated form, while vifm-:filetype, vifm-:filextype,
vifm-:fileviewer, vifm-:select, vifm-:unselect and vifm-'classify'
treat it as list of name globs.

Path patterns receive absolute path of the file that includes its name
component as well.

To combine several patterns (AND them), make sure you're using one of the
first five forms and write patterns one after another, like this:
Mind that if you make a mistake the whole string will be treated as the sixth

vifm-:filetype, vifm-:filextype and vifm-:fileviewer commands accept
comma-separated list of patterns instead of a single pattern, thus effectively
handling OR operation on them:
Forms that accept comma-separated lists of patterns also process them as
lists of alternatives.

Patterns with regular expressions

Regular expression patterns are case insensitive by default, see description
of commands, which might override default behaviour.

Flags of regular expressions mean the following:
  - "i" makes filter case insensitive;
  - "I" makes filter case sensitive.
They can be repeated multiple times, but the later one takes precedence (e.g.
"iiiI" is equivalent to "I" and "IiIi" is the same as "i").

There are no implicit ^ or $, so make sure to specify them explicitly if
the pattern should match the whole name or path.

Patterns with globs

vifm-globs section provides short overview of globs and some important points
that one needs to know about them.

Patterns with mime-types

Mime type matching is essentially globs matching applied to mime type of a file
instead of its name/path.  Note: mime types aren't detected on Windows.


Associate evince to PDF-files only inside /home/user/downloads/ directory
(excluding its subdirectories):
 :filextype //^/home/user/downloads/[^/]*\.pdf$// evince %f


Globs are always case insensitive as it makes sense in general case.

*, ?, [ and ] are treated as special symbols in the pattern.  E.g.
 :filetype * less %c
matches all files.  One can use character classes for escaping, so
 :filetype [*] less %c
matches only one file name, the one which contains only asterisk symbol.

* means any number of any characters (including slash) and can match an empty
substring, with one exception: asterisk at the pattern beginning doesn't match
dot in the first position.  E.g.
 :fileviewer *.zip,*.jar zip -sf %c
associates using of zip program to preview all files with zip or jar
extensions as listing of their content, but won't be matched.

? means any character at this position.  E.g.
 :fileviewer ?.out file %c
calls file tool for all files which have exactly one character before their
extension (e.g. a.out, b.out).

Square brackets designate character class, which means that whole character
class matches against any of characters listed in it.  For example
 :fileviewer *.[ch] highlight -O xterm256 -s dante --syntax c %c
makes vifm call highlight program to colorize source and header files in C
language for a 256-color terminal.  Equal command would be
 :fileviewer *.c,*.h highlight -O xterm256 -s dante --syntax c %c

Inside square brackets ^ or ! can be used for symbol class negotiation and
the - symbol to set a range.  ^ and ! should appear right after the opening
square bracket.  For example
 :filetype *.[!d]/ inspect_dir
associates inspect_dir as additional handler for all directories that have one
character extension unless it's "d" letter.  And
 :filetype [0-9].jpg sxiv
associates sxiv picture viewer only for JPEG-files that contain single digit
in their name.

If you need to include literal comma, which is normally separates multiple
globs, double it.


These are kind of options that are local to a specific view.  So you can set
ascending sorting order for left pane and descending order for right pane.

In addition to being local to views, each such option also has two values:
 - local to current directory (value associated with current location);
 - global to current directory (value associated with the pane).

The idea is that current directory can be made a temporary exception to
regular configuration of the view, until directory change.  Use
vifm-:setlocal for that.  vifm-:setglobal changes view value not affecting
settings until directory change.  vifm-:set applies changes immediately to
all values.

type: string
default: "apropos %a"

Specifies format for an external command to be invoked by the vifm-:apropos
command.  The format supports expanding of macros, specific for a particular
*prg option, and %% sequence for inserting percent sign literally.  This
option should include the %a macro to specify placement of arguments passed
to the vifm-:apropos command.  If the macro is not used, it will be
implicitly added after a space to the value of this option.

type: boolean
default: true

When disabled vifm will set cursor to the first line in the view after :cd and
:pushd commands instead of saved cursor position.  Disabling this will also
make vifm clear information about cursor position in the view history on :cd
and :pushd commands (and on startup if 'autochpos' is disabled in the vifmrc).
l key in the ":history ." and ":trashes" menus are treated like :cd command.
This option also affects marks so that navigating to a mark doesn't restore
cursor position.

When this option is enabled, more fine grained control over cursor position
is available via vifm-'histcursor' option.

type: charset
default: ""

This option gives additional control over case sensitivity by allowing
overriding default behaviour to either always be case sensitive or
always be case insensitive.  Possible values form pairs of lower and upper
case letters that configure specific aspect of behaviour:
  p - always ignore case of paths during completion.
  P - always match case of paths during completion.
  g - always ignore case of characters for f/F/;/,.
  G - always match case of characters for f/F/;/,.

At most one item of each pair takes affect, if both or more are present, only
the last one matters.  When of none pair's elements are present, the behaviour
is default (depends on operating system for path completion and on values of
vifm-'ignorecase' and vifm-'smartcase' options for file navigation).

                                               vifm-'cdpath' vifm-'cd'
cdpath cd
type: string list
default: value of $CDPATH with commas instead of colons

Specifies locations to check on changing directory with relative path that
doesn't start with "./" or "../".  When non-empty, current directory is
examined after directories listed in the option.

This option doesn't affect completion of vifm-:cd command.

 set cdpath=~
This way ":cd bin" will switch to "~/bin" even if directory named "bin" exists
in current directory, while ":cd ./bin" command will ignore value of 'cdpath'.

type: boolean
default: false

When enabled path of view is always resolved to real path (with all symbolic
links expanded).

type: string list
default: ":dir:/"

Specifies file name prefixes and suffixes depending on file type or name.
The format is either of:
  - [{prefix}]:{filetype}:[{suffix}]
  - [{prefix}]::{pattern}::[{suffix}]
Possible {pattern} forms are described in vifm-patterns.

Priority rules:
  - file name patterns have priority over type patterns
  - file name patterns are matched in left-to-right order of their appearance
    in this option

Either {prefix} or {suffix} or both can be omitted (which is the default for
all unspecified file types), this means empty {prefix} and/or {suffix}.
{prefix} and {suffix} should consist of at most eight characters.  Elements
are separated by commas.  Neither prefixes nor suffixes are part of file names,
so they don't affect commands which operate on file names in any way.  Comma
(',') character can be inserted by doubling it.  List of file type names can be
found in the description of vifm-filetype() function.

                                               vifm-'columns' vifm-'co'
columns co
type: integer
default: terminal width on startup

Terminal width in characters.

                                               vifm-'confirm' vifm-'cf'
confirm cf
type: set
default: delete,permdelete

Defines which operations require confirmation:
 - delete     - moving files to trash (on vifm-d or vifm-:delete);
 - permdelete - permanent deletion of files (on vifm-D or :delete!
                command or on undo/redo operation).

                                               vifm-'cpoptions' vifm-'cpo'
cpoptions cpo
type: charset
default: "fst"

Contains a sequence of single-character flags.  Each flag enables behaviour of
older versions of vifm.  Flags:
f - when included, running vifm-:filter command results in not inverted
    (matching files are filtered out) and :filter! in inverted (matching files
    are left) filter, when omitted, meaning of the exclamation mark changes to
    the opposite;
s - when included, vifm-yy, vifm-dd and vifm-DD normal mode commands act on
    selection, otherwise they operate on current file only;
t - when included, <tab> (thus <c-i>) behave as <space> and switch active
    pane, otherwise <c-i> goes forward in the view history.  It's possible to
    make both <tab> and <c-i> to work as expected by setting up the terminal
    to emit a custom sequence when <c-i> is pressed; see :histnext for

type: set

Specifies whether entering/leaving custom views triggers events that normally
happen on entering/leaving directories:
 - autocmds    - trigger autocommands on entering/leaving custom views;
 - localopts   - reset local options on entering/leaving custom views;
 - localfilter - reset local filter on entering/leaving custom views.

type: string
default: ""

Specifies program to run on files that are permanently removed.  When empty,
files are removed as usual, otherwise this command is invoked on each file by
appending its name.  If the command doesn't remove files, they will remain on
the file system.

type: enumeration
default: size

Controls how size of directories is displayed in file views.  The following
values are possible:
 - size   - size of directory (i.e., size used to store list of files)
 - nitems - number of entries in the directory (excluding . and ..)

Size obtained via ga/gA overwrites this setting so seeing count of files and
occasionally size of directories is possible.

type: set
default: nonrootparent,treeleafsparent

Controls displaying of dot directories.  The following values are possible:
 - rootparent      - show "../" in root directory of file system
 - nonrootparent   - show "../" in non-root directories of file system
 - treeleafsparent - show "../" in empty directories of tree view

Note that empty directories always contain "../" entry regardless of value of
this option.  "../" disappears at the moment at least one file is created.

type: boolean
default: false

Whether dot files are shown in the view.  Can be controlled with z* bindings.

type: boolean
default: false

With this option turned on you can run partially entered commands with
unambiguous beginning using :! (e.g. :!Te instead of :!Terminal or :!Te<tab>).

                                               vifm-'fillchars' vifm-'fcs'
fillchars fcs
type: string list
default: ""

Sets characters used to fill borders.

    item          default         used for 
    vborder:c     ' '             left, middle and right vertical borders

If value is omitted, its default value is used.  Example:
    set fillchars=vborder:.

type: string
default: "find %s %a -print , -type d \( ! -readable -o ! -executable \) -prune"

Specifies format for an external command to be invoked by the vifm-:find
command.  The format supports expansion of macros specific for this particular
option and %% sequence for inserting percent sign literally.  The macros are:

  macro   value/meaning
   %s     literal arguments of :find or
          list of paths to search in

   %A     empty or
          literal arguments of :find
   %a     empty or
          literal arguments of :find or
          predicate followed by escaped arguments of :find
   %p     empty or
          literal arguments of :find or
          escaped arguments (parameters) of :find

   %u     redirect output to custom view instead of showing a menu
   %U     redirect output to unsorted custom view instead of showing a menu

Predicate in %a is "-name" on *nix and "-iname" on Windows.

If both %u and %U are specified, %U is chosen.

Some macros can be added implicitly:
 - if %s isn't present, it's appended
 - if neither of %a, %A and %p is present, %a is appended
 - if neither of %s, %a, %A and %p is present, %s and %a are appended in this

The macros slightly change their meaning depending on format of :find's
 - if the first argument points to an existing directory, %s is assigned all
   arguments while %a, %A and %p are left empty
 - otherwise:
    - %s is assigned a dot (".") meaning current directory or list of
      selected file names, if any
    - %a, %A and %p are assigned literal arguments when first argument starts
      with a dash ("-"), otherwise %a gets an escaped version of the arguments
      with a predicate and %p contains escaped version of the arguments

Starting with Windows Server 2003 a where command is available.  One can
configure vifm to use it in the following way:
    set findprg="where /R %s %A"

As the syntax of this command is rather limited, one can't use vifm-:find
command with selection of more than one item because the command ignores all
directory paths except for the last one.

When using find port on Windows, another option is to setup 'findprg' like
    set findprg="find %s %a"

type: boolean
default: true

Follow links on l or Enter.  That is navigate to destination file instead of
treating the link as if it were target file.  Doesn't affects links to
directories, which are always entered (use vifm-gf for directories).

type: string
default: "($XDG_DATA_HOME/.local/share | $VIFM)/fuse/"

Directory to be used as a root dir for FUSE mounts.  Value of the option can
contain environment variables (in form "$envname"), which will be expanded
(prepend it with a slash to prevent expansion).  The value should expand to
an absolute path.

If you change this option, vifm won't remount anything.  It affects future
mounts only.  See vifm-fuse section for more information about FUSE mounts.

                                               vifm-'gdefault' vifm-'gd'
gdefault gd
type: boolean
default: false

When on, 'g' flag is on for vifm-:substitute by default.

type: string
default: "grep -n -H -I -r %i %a %s"

Specifies format for an external command to be invoked by the vifm-:grep
command.  The format supports expanding of macros, specific for a particular
*prg option, and %% sequence for inserting percent sign literally.  This
option should include the %i macro to specify placement of "-v" string when
inversion of results is requested, %a or %A macro to specify placement of
arguments passed to the vifm-:grep command and the %s macro to specify
placement of list of files to search in.  If some of the macros are not
used, they will be implicitly added after a space to the value of the
vifm-'grepprg' option in the following order: %i, %a, %s.  Note that when
neither %a nor %A are specified, it's %a which is added implicitly.

Optional %u or %U macro could be used (if both specified %U is chosen) to
force redirection to custom or unsorted custom view respectively.

See vifm-'findprg' for description of difference between %a and %A.

Example of setup to use ack ( instead of grep:

    set grepprg='ack -H -r %i %a %s'

or The Silver Searcher (

    set grepprg='ag --line-numbers %i %a %s'

type: set
default: startup,dirmark,direnter

Defines situations when cursor should be moved according to directory
 - startup  - on loading file lists during startup
 - dirmark  - after navigating to a mark that doesn't specify file
 - direnter - on opening directory from a file list

This option has no effect when vifm-'autochpos' is disabled.

Note that the list is not exhaustive and there are other situations when
cursor is positioned automatically.
                                               vifm-'history' vifm-'hi'
history hi
type: integer
default: 15

Maximum number of stored items in all histories.

                                               vifm-'hlsearch' vifm-'hls'
hlsearch hls
type: boolean
default: true

Automatically select files that are search matches.

type: boolean
default: false

Use KiB, MiB, ... suffixes instead of K, M, ... when printing size in
human-friendly format.

                                               vifm-'ignorecase' vifm-'ic'
ignorecase ic
type: boolean
default: false

Ignore case in search patterns (:substitute, / and ? commands), local filter
(but not the rest of filters) and other things detailed in the description of

                                               vifm-'incsearch' vifm-'is'
incsearch is
type: boolean
default: false

When this option is set, search and view update for local filter is be
performed starting from initial cursor position each time search pattern is

type: set

Controls details of file operations.  The following values are available:
 - fastfilecloning - perform fast file cloning (copy-on-write), when available
                     (available on Linux and btrfs file system).

                                               vifm-'laststatus' vifm-'ls'
laststatus ls
type: boolean
default: true

Controls if status bar is visible.

type: integer
default: terminal height on startup

Terminal height in lines.

type: string
default: "locate %a"

Specifies format for an external command to be invoked by the vifm-:locate
command.  The format supports expanding of macros, specific for a particular
*prg option, and %% sequence for inserting percent sign literally.  This
option should include the %a macro to specify placement of arguments passed
to the vifm-:locate command.  If the macro is not used, it will be
implicitly added after a space to the value of this option.

Optional %u or %U macro could be used (if both specified %U is chosen) to
force redirection to custom or unsorted custom view respectively.

                                               {only for *nix}
type: string
default: path to bundled script that supports udevil, udisks and udisks2
         (using udisks2 requires python with dbus module installed)
         OS X: path points to a python script that uses diskutil

Specifies command to be used to manage media devices.  Used by vifm-:media

The command can be passed the following parameters:
 - list           -- list media
 - mount {device} -- mount a device
 - unmount {path} -- unmount given mount point

The output of list subcommand is parsed in search of lines that start with
one of the following prefixes:
 - device=      - specifies device path (e.g., "/dev/sde")
 - label=       - specifies optional device label (e.g., "Memory card")
 - info=        - specifies arbitrary text to display next to device (by
                  default "[label]" is used, if label is provided)
 - mount-point= - specifies a mount point (can be absent or appear more than

All other lines are ignored.  Each device= starts a new section
describing a device which should include two other possible prefixes.

list subcommand is assumed to always succeed, while exit code of mount
and unmount is taken into account to determine whether operation was
performed successfully.

type: string list
default: ""
scope: local

Configures ls-like view.

    item          used for 
    transposed    filling view grid by columns rather than by lines

type: boolean
default: false
scope: local

When this option is set, directory view will be displayed in multiple
columns with file names similar to output of `ls -x` command.  See also
vifm-ls-view.  This option has no effect if vifm-'millerview' is on.

type: string list
default: "lsize:1,csize:1,rsize:1,rpreview:dirs"
scope: local

Configures miller view.

    item          default     used for 
    lsize:num     0           left column
    csize:num     1           center column (can't be disabled)
    rsize:num     0           right column
    rpreview:str  dirs        right column

*size specifies ratios of columns.  Each ratio is in the range from
0 to 100 and values are adjusted to fit the limits.  Zero disables a
column, but central (main) column can't be disabled.

rpreview specifies what file-system objects should be previewed in the right
column and can take two values: dirs (only directories) or all.  Both options
don't include parent directory ("..").

Example of two-column mode which is useful in combination with
vifm-:view command:
 set milleroptions=lsize:1,csize:2

type: boolean
default: false
scope: local

When this option is set, directory view will be displayed in multiple
cascading columns.  Ignores vifm-'lsview'.

type: integer
default: 150

The fracture of vifm-'timeoutlen' in milliseconds that is waited between
subsequent input polls, which affects various asynchronous
operations (detecting changes made by external applications, monitoring
background jobs, redrawing UI).  There are no strict guarantees, however the
higher this value is, the less is CPU load in idle mode.

                                               vifm-'number' vifm-'nu'
number nu
type: boolean
default: false
scope: local

Print line number in front of each file name when vifm-'lsview' option is
turned off.  Use vifm-'numberwidth' to control width of line number.
Also see vifm-'relativenumber'.

                                               vifm-'numberwidth' vifm-'nuw'
numberwidth nuw
type: integer
default: 4
scope: local

Minimal number of characters for line number field.

type: string list
default: "graphicsdelay:50000"

Tweaks how previewing is done (in quick view, miller view's column and
view mode).

    item               default  meaning 
    graphicsdelay:num  0        delay before drawing graphics (microseconds)
    hardgraphicsclear  unset    redraw screen to get rid of graphics
    toptreestats       unset    show file counts before the tree

graphicsdelay is needed if terminal requires some timeout before it can
draw graphics (otherwise it gets lost).

hardgraphicsclear seems to be necessary to get rid of sixel graphics in some
terminals, where it otherwise lingers.  This can cause flicker on the screen
due to erasure followed by redrawing.

Default value is used when item is missing from the option.

type: string
default: ""
scope: local

External command to be used instead of preview programs configured via
vifm-:fileviewer command.

    " always show git log in preview of files inside some repository
    au DirEnter '~/git-repo/**/*' setl previewprg='git log --color -- %c 2>&1'

type: boolean
default: false

Whether quick view (vifm-:view) is currently active or not.

relativenumber rnu
type: boolean
default: false
scope: local

Print relative line number in front of each file name when vifm-'lsview'
option is turned off.  Use vifm-'numberwidth' to control width of line
number.  Various combinations of vifm-'number' and vifm-'relativenumber'
lead to such results:

                        nonumber               number

    norelativenumber   | first                |   1 first
                       | second               |   2 second
                       | third                |   3 third

      relativenumber   |   1 first            |   1 first
                       |   0 second           |2    second
                       |   1 third            |   1 third

                                               vifm-'rulerformat' vifm-'ruf'
rulerformat ruf
type: string
default: "%l/%S "

Determines the content of the ruler.  Its minimal width is 13 characters and
it's right aligned.  Following macros are supported:
    %=  - separation point between left and right aligned halves of the line
    %l  - file number
    %L  - total number of files in view (including filtered out ones)
    %x  - number of files excluded by filters
    %0- - old name for %x macro
    %P  - percentage through file list (All, Top, xx% or Bot), always 3 in
    %S  - number of displayed files
    %%  - literal percent sign
    %[  - designates beginning of an optional block
    %]  - designates end of an optional block

Percent sign can be followed by optional minimum field width.  Add '-' before
minimum field width if you want field to be right aligned.

Optional blocks are ignored unless at least one macro inside of them is
expanded to a non-empty value.

 set rulerformat='%2l-%S%[ +%x%]'

type: boolean
default: false

Run executable file on Enter, l or Right Arrow key.  Behaviour of the last two
depends on the value of the 'lsview' option.

                                               vifm-'scrollbind' vifm-'scb'
scrollbind scb
type: boolean
default: false

When this option is set, vifm will try to keep difference of scrolling
positions of two windows constant.

                                               vifm-'scrolloff' vifm-'so'
scrolloff so
type: integer
default: 0

Minimal number of screen lines to keep above and below the cursor.  If you
want cursor line to always be in the middle of the view (except at the
beginning or end of the file list), set this option to some large value
(e.g. 999).

sessionoptions ssop
type: set
default: tui,state,tabs,savedirs,dhistory

An equivalent of vifm-'vifminfo' for sessions, uses the same values.  When
both options include the same value, data from session file has higher
priority (data from vifminfo isn't necessarily completely discarded,
instead it's merged with the state of a session the same way state of
multiple instances is merged on exit).

                                               vifm-'shell' vifm-'sh'
shell sh
type: string
default: $SHELL or "/bin/sh" or "cmd" (on MS-Windows)

Full path to the shell to use to run external commands.  On *nix a shell
argument can be supplied.

shellcmdflag shcf
type: string
default: "-c" or "/C" (for cmd.exe on MS-Windows)

Command-line option used to pass a command to vifm-'shell'.  It's used in
contexts where command comes from the user.

Note that using this option to force interactive mode of the shell is most
likely a BAD IDEA.  In general interactive host and interactive child shell
can't share the same terminal session.  You can't even run such a shell in
background.  Consider writing a wrapper for your shell that preloads aliases
and commands without making the shell interactive and ending up using it in
a way it was not meant to be used.

Note that this option is ignored when vifm-'shell' is set to PowerShell due
to the internal use of -encodedCommand.

                                               vifm-'shortmess' vifm-'shm'
shortmess shm
type: charset
default: "p"

Contains a sequence of single-character flags.  Each flag enables shortening
of some message displayed by vifm in the TUI.  Flags:
  L - display only last directory in tab line instead of full path.
  M - shorten titles in windows of terminal multiplexers created by vifm
      down to file name instead of using full path.
  T - truncate status-bar messages in the middle if they are too long to fit on
      the command line.  "..." will appear in the middle.
  p - use tilde shortening in view titles.

showtabline stal
type: enumeration
default: multiple

Specifies when tab line should be displayed.  Possible values:
 - never    - never display tab line
 - multiple - show tab line only when there are at least two tabs
 - always   - display tab line always

Alternatively 0, 1 and 2 Vim-like values  are also accepted and correspond to
"never", "multiple" and "always" respectively.

type: string list
default: "units:iec"

Configures the way size is formatted in human-friendly way.

    item          value         meaning
    units:        iec           Use 1024 byte units (K or KiB, etc.).
                                See vifm-'iec'.
                  si            Use 1000 byte units (KB, etc.).
    precision:    i > 0         How many fraction digits to consider.
                  {not set}     Precision of 1 for integer part < 10,
                                0 otherwise (provides old behaviour).
    space         {present}     Insert space before unit symbols.
                                This is the default.
    nospace       {present}     Do not insert space before unit symbols.

Numbers are rounded from zero.  Trailing zeros are dropped.

 set sizefmt=units:iec,precision:2,nospace

                                               {only for *nix}
type: string list
default: ""

A list of mounter fs name beginnings (first column in /etc/mtab or
/proc/mounts) or paths prefixes for fs/directories that work too slow for
you.  This option can be used to stop vifm from making some requests to
particular kinds of file systems that can slow down file browsing.
Currently this means don't check if directory has changed, skip check if
target of symbolic links exists, assume that link target located on slow fs
to be a directory (allows entering directories and navigating to files via
vifm-gf).  If you set the option to "*", it means all the systems are
considered slow (useful for cygwin, where all the checks might render vifm
very slow if there are network mounts).

Example for autofs root /mnt/autofs:
  set slowfs+=/mnt/autofs

                                               vifm-'smartcase' vifm-'scs'
smartcase scs
type: boolean
default: false

Overrides the vifm-'ignorecase' option if a pattern contains at least one
upper case character.  Only used when vifm-'ignorecase' option is enabled.

type: enumeration
default: +name on *nix and +iname on Windows
scope: local

Sets list of sorting keys (first item is primary key, second is secondary
key, etc.):
   [+-]ext     - extension of files and directories
   [+-]fileext - extension of files only
   [+-]name    - name (including extension)
   [+-]iname   - name (including extension, ignores case)
   [+-]type    - file type (dir/reg/exe/link/char/block/sock/fifo)
   [+-]dir     - directory grouping (directory < file)
   [+-]gid     - group id (*nix only)
   [+-]gname   - group name (*nix only)
   [+-]mode    - file mode (file type + permissions) in octal (*nix only)
   [+-]perms   - permissions string (*nix only)
   [+-]uid     - owner id (*nix only)
   [+-]uname   - owner name (*nix only)
   [+-]nlinks  - number of hard links (*nix only)
   [+-]inode   - inode number (*nix only)
   [+-]size    - size
   [+-]nitems  - number of items in a directory (zero for files)
   [+-]groups  - groups extracted via regexps from vifm-'sortgroups'
   [+-]target  - symbolic link target (empty for other file types)
   [+-]atime   - time accessed (e.g., read, executed)
   [+-]ctime   - time changed (changes in metadata, like mode)
   [+-]mtime   - time modified (when file contents is changed)

Note: look for st_atime, st_ctime and st_mtime in "man 2 stat" for more
information on time keys.

'+' means ascending sort for this key, and '-' means descending sort.

"dir" key is somewhat similar in this regard but it's not added implicitly:
when "dir" is not specified, sorting behaves as if it was the first key in
the list.  That's why if one wants sorting algorithm to mix directories and
files, "dir" should be appended to sorting option, for example like this:
 set sort+=dir
 set sort=-size,dir

This option also changes view columns according to primary sorting key set,
unless vifm-'viewcolumns' option is not empty.

Value of the option is checked to include "dir" key and default sorting key
"(name" on *nix, "iname" on Windows).  Here is what happens if one of them is
 - "dir" key is added at the beginning;
 - default key is added at the end.
All other keys are left untouched (at most they are moved).

This option also changes view columns according to primary sorting key set,
unless vifm-'viewcolumns' option is not empty.

type: boolean
default: false

Natural sort of (version) numbers within text.

type: string
default: ""
scope: local

Sets comma-separated list of regular expressions for group type of sorting.
Double the comma to insert it literally.

The regular expressions are used to extract substrings of file names to serve
as keys for sorting.  It is essentially a way to ignore uninteresting parts
of file names during sorting by name.

Each expression should contain at least one group or its value will be
considered to be always empty.  Also, only the first match of regular
expression is processed.

The first group divides list of files into sub-groups, each of which is then
sorted by substrings extracted using second regular expression and so on

 set sortgroups=-(todo|done).*
this would group files with "-done" in their names and files with "-todo"
separately.  On ascending sorting, group containing "-done" would appear
before the other one.

type: enumeration
default: ascending
scope: local

Sets sort order for primary key: ascending, descending.

                                               vifm-'statusline' vifm-'stl'
statusline stl
type: string
default: ""

Determines the content of the status line (the line right above command-line).
Empty string means use same format like in previous versions.  Following macros
are supported:
    %N - line break (increases height of the status line accordingly), ignores
         %[ %] blocks
    %t - file name (considering value of the vifm-'classify' option)
    %T - symbolic link target (empty for other filetypes)
    %f - file name relative to current directory (considers 'classify')
    %A - file attributes (permissions on *nix or properties on Windows)
    %u - user name or uid (if it cannot be resolved)
    %g - group name or gid (if it cannot be resolved)
    %s - file size in human readable format
    %E - size of selected files in human readable format, same as %s when no
         files are selected, except that it will never show size of ../ in
         visual mode, since it cannot be selected
    %d - file modification date (uses vifm-'timefmt' option)
    %D - path of the other pane for single-pane layout
    %a - amount of free space available on current FS
    %c - size of current FS
    %z - short tips/tricks/hints that chosen randomly after one minute period
    %{<expr>} - evaluate arbitrary vifm expression <expr>, e.g. &sort
    %* - resets or applies one of User1..User9 highlight groups; reset happens
         when width field is 0 or not specified, one of groups gets picked
         when width field is in the range from 1 to 9
    all vifm-'rulerformat' macros
Percent sign can be followed by optional minimum field width.  Add '-' before
minimum field width if you want field to be right aligned.

On Windows file properties include the following flags (upper case means flag
is on):
    A - archive
    H - hidden
    I - content isn't indexed
    R - readonly
    S - system
    C - compressed
    D - directory
    E - encrypted
    P - reparse point (e.g. symbolic link)
    Z - sparse file

Example without colors:
 set statusline="  %t%= %A %10u:%-7g %15s %20d %{&sort} "

Example with colors:
 highlight User1 ctermbg=yellow
 highlight User2 ctermbg=blue ctermfg=white cterm=bold
 set statusline="%1* %-26t %2* %= %1* %A %2* %7u:%-7g %1* %-5s %2* %d "

type: string list

Controls when, for what and how suggestions are displayed.  The following
values are available:
 - normal          - in normal mode;
 - visual          - in visual mode;
 - view            - in view mode;
 - otherpane       - use other pane to display suggestions, when available;
 - delay[:num]     - display suggestions after a small delay (to do not annoy
                     if you just want to type a fast shortcut consisting of
                     multiple keys), num specifies the delay in ms (500 by
                     default), vifm-'timeoutlen' at most;
 - keys            - include shortcuts (commands and selectors);
 - foldsubkeys     - fold multiple keys with common prefix;
 - marks           - include marks;
 - registers[:num] - include registers, at most num files (5 by default).

type: string

Specifies identifier of group of instances that share registers between each
other.  When several instances of vifm have this option set to identical
value, they automatically synchronize contents of their registers on
operations which use them.

type: boolean
default: false

When disabled, vifm will rely on external applications to perform file-system
operations, otherwise system calls are used instead (much faster and supports
progress tracking).  The option should eventually be removed.  Mostly
*nix-like systems are affected.

type: string
default: ""

When non-empty, determines format of the main part of a single tab's label.

When empty, tab label is set to either tab name for named tabs or to view
title (usually current path) for unnamed tabs.

The following macros can appear in the format (see below for what a flag is):
    %C      - flag of a current tab
    %N      - number of the tab
    %T      - flag of a tree mode
    %c      - description of a custom view
    %n      - name of the tab
    %p      - path of the view (handles vifm-filename-modifiers)
    %t      - title of the view (affected by vifm-'shortmess' flags)
    %%      - literal percent sign
    %[      - designates beginning of an optional block
    %]      - designates end of an optional block
    %*, %0* - resets highlighting
    %1-%9   - applies one of User1..User9 highlight groups

In global tabs the view in bullets above refers to currently active view of that

Flag macros are a special kind of macros that always expand to an empty value
and are ment to be used inside optional blocks to control their visibility.

Optional blocks are ignored unless at least one macro inside of them is
expanded to a non-empty value or is a set flag macro.

 " %[(%n)%]        -- optional name of the tab
 " %[              -- optional description of the view
 "   %[%T{tree}%]  -- mark of tree mode
 "   %[{%c}%]      -- description of custom view
 "   @             -- just an extra separator before the path
 ' %]
 " %p:t            -- tail part of view's location
 set tablabel=%[(%n)%]%[%[%T{tree}%]%[{%c}%]@%]%p:t

type: string
default: "[%N:"

Determines prefix of a tab's label.  Formatting is done as for
vifm-'tablabel' option.

Example of highlighting tab number:
 " setup color for non-current tabs
 highlight User7 ctermfg=red
 " setup color for current tabs
 highlight User8 ctermbg=blue ctermfg=none
 " use optional group predicated on current-tab flag
 set tabprefix=[%7*%[%8*%C%]%N%*:

type: enumeration
default: global

Picks style of tabs, which defines what a single tab contains.  Possible
 - global - tab describes complete UI of two views and how they are arranged
 - pane   - tab is located "inside" a pane and manages it and quick view

                                               vifm-'tabstop' vifm-'ts'
tabstop ts
type: integer
default: value from curses library

Number of spaces that a Tab in the file counts for.

type: string
default: "]"

Determines suffix of a tab's label.  Formatting is done as for
vifm-'tablabel' option.

type: string
default: "%m/%d %H:%M"

Format of time in file list.  See man date or man strftime for details.

type: boolean
default: true

Use vifm-trash directory.

type: string
default: on *nix:
         "%r/.vifm-Trash-%u,$VIFM/Trash,%r/.vifm-Trash" or if $VIFM/Trash
         doesn't exist
         on Windows:

List of trash directory path specifications, separated with commas.
Each list item either defines an absolute path to vifm-trash directory
or a path relative to a mount point root, when list element starts with "%r/".
Value of the option can contain environment variables (of form "$envname"),
which will be expanded (prepend $ with a slash to prevent expansion).
Environment variables are expanded when the option is set.

On *nix, if element ends with "%u", the mark is replaced with real user ID and
permissions are set so that only that only owner is able to use it.
Note that even this setup is not completely secure when combined with "%r/"
and it's overall safer to keep files in home directory, but that implies cost
of copying files between partitions.

When new file gets cut (deleted) vifm traverses each element of the option in
the order of their appearance and uses first trash directory that it was able
to create or that is already writable.

Default value tries to use trash directory per mount point and falls back to
~/.vifm/Trash on failure.

Will attempt to create the directory if it does not exist.

                                               vifm-'timeoutlen' vifm-'tm'
timeoutlen tm
type: integer
default: 1000

The time in milliseconds that is waited for a mapped key in case when
already typed key sequence is ambiguous.  See also vifm-'mintimeoutlen'.

type: boolean
default: true when title can be restored, false otherwise

When enabled, title of the terminal or terminal multiplexer's window is
updated according to current location.  Because not all terminals support
setting title, this works only if $TERM value matches one of the following
 - equals "xterm" or starts with "xterm-"
 - equals "rxvt" or starts with "rxvt-"
 - equals "screen" or starts with "screen-"
 - equals "aterm"
 - equals "Eterm"

                                               vifm-'tuioptions' vifm-'to'
tuioptions to
type: charset
default: "psv"

Each flag configures some aspect of TUI appearance.  The flags are:
p - when included:
  * file list inside a pane gets additional single character padding on left
    and right sides;
  * quick view and view mode get single character padding.
s - when included, left and right borders (side borders, hence "s" character)
are visible.
u - use Unicode characters in the TUI (Unicode ellipsis instead of "...").
v - vary width of middle border to equalize view sizes.

Each pane title contains the path of the listed directory.  If too large, the
path is truncated on the left for the active pane and on the right for the other
pane.  This can be modified with:
l - truncation is always on the left.
r - truncation is always on the right.

                                               vifm-'undolevels' vifm-'ul'
undolevels ul
type: integer
default: 100

Maximum number of changes that can be undone.  Note that here single file
operation is used as a unit, not operation, i.e. deletion of 101 files will
exceed default limit.

type: string
default: "vim"

Command used to edit files in various contexts.  Ampersand sign at the end
(regardless whether it's preceded by space or not) means backgrounding of

Background flag is ignored in certain context where vifm waits for the editor
to finish.  Such contexts include any command that spawns editor to change
list of file names or a command, with vifm-:rename being one example.
-f is also appended to prevent forking in such cases, so the command needs
to handle the flag.

Additionally +{num} and +'call cursor()' arguments are used to position
cursor when location is known.

type: string
default: ""
scope: local

Format string containing list of columns in the view.  When this option is
empty, view columns to show are chosen automatically using sorting keys
(see vifm-'sort') as a base.  Value of this option is ignored if
vifm-'lsview' is set.  See vifm-column-view for format description.
An example of setting the options for both panes (note vifm-:windo
    windo set viewcolumns=-{name}..,6{size},11{perms}

type: string
default: value of vifm-'vicmd'

Same as vifm-'vicmd', but takes precedence over it when running inside a
graphical environment.

type: set
default: bookmarks,bmarks

Controls what will be saved in the $VIFM/vifminfo file:

   bmarks    - named bookmarks (see vifm-:bmark)
   bookmarks - marks, except special ones like '< and '>
   tui       - state of the user interface (sorting, number of windows, quick
               view state, active view)
   dhistory  - directory history
   state     - file name and dot filters and terminal multiplexers integration
   cs        - primary color scheme
   savedirs  - save last visited directory
   chistory  - command line history
   shistory  - search history (/ and ? commands)
   phistory  - prompt history
   fhistory  - history of local filter (see vifm-=)
   dirstack  - directory stack overwrites previous stack, unless stack of
               current instance is empty
   registers - registers content
   tabs      - global or pane tabs
   options   - all options that can be set with the :set command (obsolete)
   filetypes - associated programs and viewers (obsolete)
   commands  - user defined commands (see :command description) (obsolete)

type: boolean
default: false

Use vim help format.

                                               vifm-'wildmenu' vifm-'wmnu'
wildmenu wmnu
type: boolean
default: false

Controls whether possible matches of completion will be shown above the
command line.

type: enumeration
default: bar

Picks presentation style of wild menu.  Possible values:
 - bar   - one-line with left-to-right cursor
 - popup - multi-line with top-to-bottom cursor

type: string list
default: "1-8,14-31,33-255" (that is all non-whitespace characters)

Specifies which characters in command-line mode should be considered as part
of a word.  Value of the option is comma-separated list of ranges.  If both
endpoints of a range match, single endpoint is enough (e.g. "a" = "a-a").
Both endpoints are inclusive.  There are two accepted forms: character
representing itself or number encoding character according to ASCII table.
In case of ambiguous characters (dash, comma, digit) use numeric form.
Accepted characters are in the range from 0 to 255.  Any Unicode character
with code greater than 255 is considered to be part of a word.

The option affects vifm-c_ALT-D, vifm-c_ALT-B and vifm-c_ALT-F, but not
vifm-c_CTRL-W.  This is intentionally to allow two use cases:

 - Moving by WORDS and deletion by words.
 - Moving by words and deletion by WORDS.

To get the later use the following mapping:
    cnoremap <c-w> <a-b><a-d>

Also used for abbreviations.

type: boolean
default: true

Controls whether to wrap text in quick view.

                                               vifm-'wrapscan' vifm-'ws'
wrapscan ws
type: boolean
default: true

Searches wrap around end of the list.


Map arguments

LHS of mappings can be preceded by arguments which take the form of special

    Postpone UI updates until RHS is completely processed.
    In case of builtin mapping causing conflict for a user-defined mapping
    (e.g., t builtin to a partially typed ta user-defined mapping), ignore
    the builtin mapping and wait for input indefinitely as opposed to
    default behaviour of triggering the builtin mapping after a delay defined
    by vifm-'timeoutlen'.  Example:
        nnoremap <wait> tw :set wrap!<cr>
        nnoremap <wait> tn :set number!<cr>
        nnoremap <wait> tr :set relativenumber!<cr>

Special sequences

Since it's not easy to enter special characters there are several special
sequences that can be used in place of them.  They are:

    Enter key.
    Escape key.
    Space key.
    Less-than character (<).
    provides a way to disable a mapping (by mapping it to <nop>).
    Backspace key (see key conflict description below).
<tab> <s-tab>
    Tabulation and Shift+Tabulation keys.
<home> <end>
<left> <right> <up> <down>
    Arrow keys.
<pageup> <pagedown>
<del> <delete>
    Delete key.  <del> and <delete> mean different codes, but <delete> is
    more common.
    Insert key.
    Control + some key (see key conflict description below).
<c-@>                                          {only for *nix}
    Control + Space.
    Alt + some key.
    Alt + some key.
<a-c-a>,<a-c-b>,...,<a-c-z>                    {only for *nix}
    Alt + Ctrl + some key.
<m-c-a>,<m-c-b>,...,<m-c-z>                    {only for *nix}
    Alt + Ctrl + some key.
<f0> - <f63>
    functional keys.
<c-f1>,...,<c-f12>                             {only for MS-Windows}
    functional keys with Control key pressed.
<a-f1>,...,<a-f12>                             {only for MS-Windows}
    functional keys with Alt key pressed.
<s-f1>,...,<s-f12>                             {only for MS-Windows}
    functional keys with Shift key pressed.

Note that due to the way terminals process their input, several keyboard keys
might be mapped to single key code, for example:
 - <cr> and <c-m>;
 - <tab> and <c-i>;
 - <c-h> and <bs>;
 - etc.

Most of the time they are defined consistently and don't cause surprises, but
<c-h> and <bs> are treated differently in different environments (although they
match each other all the time), that's why they correspond to different keys
in vifm.  As a consequence, if you map <c-h> or <bs> be sure to repeat the
mapping with the other one so that it works in all environments.
Alternatively, provide your mapping in one form and add one of the
  " if mappings with <c-h> in the LHS work
  map <c-h> <bs>
  " if mappings with <bs> in the LHS work
  map <bs> <c-h>


vifm removes whitespace characters at the beginning and end of commands.
That's why you may want to use <space> at the end of rhs in mappings.  For
 cmap <f1> man<space>
will put "man " in line when you hit the <f1> key in the command line mode.


Supported expressions is a subset of what VimL provides.

Expression syntax summary, from least to most significant:

vifm-expr1 expr2
           expr2 || expr2 ..       logical OR

vifm-expr2 expr3
           expr3 && expr3 ..       logical AND

vifm-expr3 expr4
           expr4 == expr4          equal
           expr4 != expr4          not equal
           expr4 >  expr4          greater than
           expr4 >= expr4          greater than or equal
           expr4 <  expr4          smaller than
           expr4 <= expr4          smaller than or equal

vifm-expr4 expr5
           expr5 + expr5 ..        number addition
           expr5 - expr5 ..        number subtraction

vifm-expr5 expr6
           expr6 . expr6 ..        string concatenation

vifm-expr6 expr7
           - expr6                 unary minus
           + expr6                 unary plus
           ! expr6                 logical NOT

vifm-expr7 number                  number constant
           "string"                string constant, backslash is special
           'string'                string constant, ' is doubled
           &option                 option value
           $VAR                    environment variable
           v:var                   builtin variable
           function(expr1, ...)    function call
           (expr1)                 nested expression

".." indicates that the operations in this level can be concatenated.

expr1                                          vifm-expr1
expr2 || expr2

Arguments are converted to numbers before evaluation.

Result is non-zero if at least one of arguments is non-zero.

It's right associative and with short-circuiting, so sub-expressions are
evaluated from left to right until result of whole expression is determined
(i.e., until first non-zero) or end of the expression.

expr2                                          vifm-expr2
expr3 && expr3

Arguments are converted to numbers before evaluation.

Result is non-zero only if both arguments are non-zero.

It's right associative and with short-circuiting, so sub-expressions are
evaluated from left to right until result of whole expression is determined
(i.e., until first zero) or end of the expression.

expr3                                          vifm-expr3
expr4 {cmp} expr4

Compare two expr4 expressions, resulting in a 0 if it evaluates to false or 1
if it evaluates to true.

equal                   ==                     vifm-expr-==
not equal               !=                     vifm-expr-!=
greater than            >                      vifm-expr->
greater than or equal   >=                     vifm-expr->=
smaller than            <                      vifm-expr-<
smaller than or equal   <=                     vifm-expr-<=

  'a' ==  'a'         == 1
  'a' >   'b'         == 1
  'a' ==  'b'         == 0
  '2' >   'b'         == 0
   2  >   'b'         == 1
   2  >   '1b'        == 1
   2  >   '9b'        == 0
  -1  == -'1'         == 1
   0  ==  '--1'       == 1

expr4                                          vifm-expr4
expr5 + expr5 ..     number addition           vifm-expr-+
expr5 - expr5 ..     number subtraction        vifm-expr--

  1 + 3 - 3          == 1
  1 + '2'            == 3

expr5                                          vifm-expr5
expr6 . expr6 ..     string concatenation      vifm-expr-.

  'a' . 'b'          == 'ab'
  'aaa' . '' . 'c'   == 'aaac'

expr6                                          vifm-expr6

- expr6              unary minus               vifm-expr-unary--
+ expr6              unary plus                vifm-expr-unary-+
! expr6              logical NOT               vifm-expr-unary-!

For '-' the sign of the number is changed.
For '+' the number is unchanged.
For '!' non-zero becomes zero, zero becomes one.

A String will be converted to a Number first.

These operations can be repeated and mixed.  Examples:
   --9               == 9
  ---9               == -9
   -+9               == 9
   !-9               == 0
   !''               == 1
  !'x'               == 0
   !!9               == 1

expr7                                          vifm-expr7

number               number constant           vifm-expr-number

Decimal number.  Examples:
  0                  == 0
  0000               == 0
  01                 == 1
  123                == 123
  10000              == 10000

string                                         vifm-expr-string
"string"             string constant           vifm-expr-quote

Note that double quotes are used.

A string constant accepts these special characters:
\b      backspace <bs>
\e      escape <esc>
\n      newline
\r      return <cr>
\t      tab <tab>
\\      backslash
\"      double quote


literal-string                                 vifm-literal-string
'string'              string constant          vifm-expr-'

Note that single quotes are used.

This string is taken as it is.  No backslashes are removed or have a special
meaning.  The only exception is that two quotes stand for one quote.

  'This string contains doubled single quotes ''here'''

option                                         vifm-expr-option
&option               option value (local one is preferred, if exists)
&g:option             global option value
&l:option             local option value


  echo 'Terminal size: '.&columns.'x'.&lines
  if &columns > 100

Any valid option name can be used here (note that "all" in ":set all" is a
pseudo option).  See vifm-set-options.

environment variable                           vifm-expr-env
$VAR                  environment variable

The String value of any environment variable.  When it is not defined, the
result is an empty string.

  'This is my $PATH env: ' . $PATH
  'vifmrc at ' . $MYVIFMRC . ' is used.'

builtin variable                               vifm-expr-variable
v:var                 builtin variable

Information exposed by vifm for use in scripting.

v:count                                        vifm-count-variable
    count passed to : command.  Can be used in mappings to pass count
    to a different command.

v:count1                                       vifm-count1-variable
    same as v:count, but 1 by default.

v:jobcount                                     vifm-jobcount-variable
    number of active jobs (as can be seen in the vifm-:jobs menu).

v:session                                      vifm-session-variable
    name of the current session or empty string.

See also vifm-v:servername.

function call                                  vifm-expr-function
function(expr1, ...)  function call

See below vifm-functions.

  "'" . filetype('.') . "'"
  filetype('.') == 'reg'

expression nesting                             vifm-expr-nesting
(expr1)               nested expression

Groups any other expression of arbitrary complexity enforcing order in which
operators are applied.


USAGE                 RESULT      DESCRIPTION   

chooseopt({opt})      String      Queries choose parameters passed on startup.
executable({expr})    Integer     Checks whether {expr} command available.
expand({expr})        String      Expands special keywords in {expr}.
extcached({cache}, {path}, {extcmd})
                      String      Caches output of {extcmd} per {cache} and
                                  {path} combination.
filetype({fnum} [, {resolve}])
                      String      Returns file type from position.
fnameescape({expr})   String      Escapes {expr} for use in a :command.
getpanetype()         String      Returns type of current pane.
has({property})       Integer     Checks whether instance has {property}.
layoutis({type})      Integer     Checks whether layout is of type {type}.
paneisat({loc})       Integer     Checks whether current pane is at {loc}.
system({command})     String      Executes shell command and returns its output.
tabpagenr([{arg}])    Integer     Returns number of current or last tab.
term({command})       String      Like system(), but for interactive commands.

chooseopt({opt})                               vifm-chooseopt()

Retrieves values of options related to file choosing.  {opt} can be one of:
    files      returns argument of vifm---choose-files or empty string
    dir        returns argument of vifm---choose-dir or empty string
    cmd        returns argument of vifm---on-choose or empty string
    delimiter  returns argument of vifm---delimiter or the default one ("\n")

executable({expr})                             vifm-executable()

If {expr} is absolute or relative path, checks whether path destination exists
and refers to an executable, otherwise checks whether command named {expr} is
present in directories listed in $PATH.  Checks for various executable
extensions on Windows.  Returns boolean value describing result of the check.

  " use custom default viewer script if it's available and installed
  " in predefined system directory, otherwise try to find it elsewhere
  if executable('/usr/local/bin/defviewer')
      fileview * /usr/local/bin/defviewer %c
      if executable('defviewer')
          fileview * defviewer %c

expand({expr})                                 vifm-expand()

Expands environment variables and macros in {expr} just like it's done for
command-line commands.  Returns a string.  See vifm-macros.

  " percent sign
  :echo expand('%%')
  " the last part of directory name of the other pane
  :echo expand('%D:t')
  " $PATH environment variable (same as `:echo $PATH`)
  :echo expand('$PATH')

extcached({cache}, {path}, {extcmd})           vifm-extcached()

Caches value of {extcmd} external command automatically updating it as
necessary based on monitoring change date of a {path}.  The cache is
invalidated when file or its meta-data is updated.  A single path can have
multiple caches associated with it.

{path} value is normalized, but symbolic links in it aren't resolved.

  " display number and size of blocks actually used by a file or directory
  set statusline+=" Uses: %{ extcached('uses',
                                     \ expand('%c'),
                                     \ expand('stat --format=%%bx%%B %c')) }"

filetype({fnum} [, {resolve}])                 vifm-filetype()

The result is a string, which represents file type and is one of the list:
    exe     executables
    reg     regular files
    link    symbolic links
    broken  broken symbolic links (appears only when resolving)
    dir     directories
    char    character devices
    block   block devices
    fifo    pipes
    sock    *nix domain sockets
    ?       unknown file type (should not normally happen) or
            non-file (pseudo-entries in compare view)

The result can also be an empty string in case of invalid argument.

Parameter {fnum} can have following values:
    - '.' to get type of file under the cursor in the active pane
    - numerical value base 1 to get type of file on specified line number

Optional parameter {resolve} is treated as a boolean and specifies whether
symbolic links should be resolved.

fnameescape({expr})                            vifm-fnameescape()

Escapes parameter to make it suitable for use as an argument of a :command.
List of escaped characters includes %, which is doubled.

Usage example:
  " navigate to most recently modified file in current directory
  execute 'goto' fnameescape(system('ls -t | head -1'))

getpanetype()                                  vifm-getpanetype()

Retrieves string describing type of current pane.  Possible return values:
    regular      regular file listing of some directory
    custom       custom file list (%u)
    very-custom  very custom file list (%U)
    tree         tree view

has({property})                                vifm-has()

Allows examining internal parameters from scripts to e.g. figure out
environment in which application is running.  Returns 1 if property is
true/present, otherwise 0 is returned.  Currently the following properties
are supported (anything else will yield 0):
    unix  runs in *nix-like environment (including Cygwin)
    win   runs on Windows

Usage example:
  " skip user/group on Windows
  if !has('win')
      let $RIGHTS = '%10u:%-7g '

  execute 'set' 'statusline="  %t%= %A '.$RIGHTS.'%15E %20d  "'

layoutis({type})                               vifm-layoutis()

Checks whether current interface layout is {type} or not, where {type} can
    only    single-pane mode
    split   double-pane mode (either vertical or horizontal split)
    vsplit  vertical split (left and right panes)
    hsplit  horizontal split (top and bottom panes)

Any other value yields 0.

Usage example:
  " automatically split vertically before enabling preview
  :nnoremap w :if layoutis('only') | vsplit | endif | view!<cr>

paneisat({loc})                                vifm-paneisat()

Checks whether position of active pane in current layout matches one of the
following locations:
    top     pane reaches top border
    bottom  pane reaches bottom border
    left    pane reaches left border
    right   pane reaches right border

system({command})                              vifm-system()

Runs the command in shell and returns its output (joined standard output and
standard error streams).  All trailing newline characters are stripped to
allow easy appending to command output.  CTRL-C should interrupt the command.

Use this function to consume output of external commands that don't require
user interaction and term() for interactive commands that can make use of
terminal and are capable of handling stream redirection.

Usage example:
  " command to enter .git/ directory of git-repository (when ran inside one)
  command! cdgit :execute 'cd' fnameescape(system('git rev-parse --git-dir'))

tabpagenr([{arg}])                             vifm-tabpagenr()

When called without arguments returns number of current tab page base one.

When called with "$" as an argument returns number of the last tab page base
one, which is the same as number of tabs.

term({command})                                vifm-term()

Same as system() function, but user interface is shutdown during the execution
of the command, which makes sure that external interactive applications won't
affect the way terminal is used by vifm.

Usage example:
  " command to change directory by picking it via fzf
  command! fzfcd :execute 'cd'
                        \ fnameescape(term('find -type d | fzf 2> /dev/tty'))


When navigating to some path from a menu there is a difference in end location
depending on whether path has trailing slash or not.  Files normally don't
have trailing slashes so "file/" won't work and one can only navigate to
a file anyway.  On the other hand with directories there are two options:
navigate to a directory or inside of it.  To allow both use cases, the first
one is used on paths like "dir" and the second one for "dir/".


:range                                         vifm-m_:range
    navigate to a menu line.

:exi[t][!]                                     vifm-m_:exit vifm-m_:exi
:q[uit][!]                                     vifm-m_:quit vifm-m_:q
:x[it][!]                                      vifm-m_:xit  vifm-m_:x
    leave menu mode.

:noh[lsearch]                                  vifm-m_:nohlsearch
    reset search match highlighting.

:w[rite] {dest}                                vifm-m_:write vifm-m_:w
    write all menu lines into file specified by {dest}.


j, Ctrl-N - move down.                         vifm-m_j vifm-m_CTRL-N
k, Ctrl-P - move up.                           vifm-m_k vifm-m_CTRL-P

Enter, l - select and exit the menu.           vifm-m_Enter vifm-m_l

Ctrl-L - redraw the menu.                      vifm-m_CTRL-L

Escape, Ctrl-C                                 vifm-m_Escape vifm-m_CTRL-C
ZZ, ZQ                                         vifm-m_ZQ vifm-m_ZZ
q                                              vifm-m_q

In all menus

The following set of keys has the same meaning as in normal mode.

Ctrl-B, Ctrl-F                                 vifm-m_CTRL-B vifm-m_CTRL-F
Ctrl-D, Ctrl-U                                 vifm-m_CTRL-D vifm-m_CTRL-U
Ctrl-E, Ctrl-Y                                 vifm-m_CTRL-E vifm-m_CTRL-Y
/, ?                                           vifm-m_/ vifm-m_?
n, N                                           vifm-m_n vifm-m_N
[count]G, [count]gg                            vifm-m_G vifm-m_gg
H, M, L                                        vifm-m_H vifm-m_M vifm-m_L

zb, zt                                         vifm-m_zb vifm-m_zt
zz                                             vifm-m_zz

zh                                             vifm-m_zh
    scroll menu items [count] characters to the right.
zl                                             vifm-m_zl
    scroll menu items [count] characters to the left.

zH                                             vifm-m_zH
    scroll menu items half of screen width characters to the right.
zL                                             vifm-m_zL
    scroll menu items half of screen width characters to the left.

:                                              vifm-m_:
    enter command line mode for menus (currently only :exi[t], :q[uit], :x[it]
    and :{range} are supported).

b                                              vifm-m_b
    interpret content of the menu as list of paths and use it to create
    custom view in place of previously active pane.  See vifm-custom-views.
B                                              vifm-m_B
    same as above, but creates unsorted view.

v                                              vifm-m_v
    load menu content into quickfix list of the editor (Vim compatible by
    assumption) or if list doesn't have separators after file names (colons)
    open each line as a file name.

Below is description of additional commands and reaction on selection in some
menus and dialogs.

Apropos menu

Selecting menu item runs man on a given topic.  Menu won't be closed
automatically to allow view several pages one by one.

Command-line mode abbreviations menu

Type dd on an abbreviation to remove it.

Color scheme menu

Selecting name of a color scheme applies it the same way as if ":colorscheme
<name>" was executed on the command-line.

Commands menu

Selecting command executes it with empty arguments (vifm-%a).

Type dd on a command to remove.

c leaves menu preserving file selection and inserts right-hand side of
selected command into command-line.

Marks menu

Selecting a mark navigates to it.

Type dd on a mark to remove it.

Bookmarks menu

Selecting a bookmark navigates to it.

Type dd on a bookmark to remove it.

vifm-m_gf and vifm-m_e also work to make it more convenient to bookmark

Trash (:lstrash) menu

r on a file name to restore it from trash.

dd deletes file under the cursor.

Trashes (:trashes) menu

dd empties selected trash in background.

Directory history and Trashes menus

Selecting directory name will change directory of the current view as if
vifm-:cd command was used.

Directory stack menu

Selecting directory name will rotate stack to put selected directory pair at
the top of the stack.

File (:file) menu

Commands from vifmrc or typed in command-line are displayed above empty line.
All commands below empty line are from .desktop files.

c leaves menu preserving file selection and inserts command after :! in
command-line mode.

Grep, find, locate, bookmarks and user menu with navigation (%M macro)

gf                                             vifm-m_gf
    navigate previously active view to currently selected item.  Leaves menu
    mode except for grep menu.  Pressing Enter key has the same effect.

e                                              vifm-m_e
    open selected path in the editor, stays in menu mode.

c                                              vifm-m_c
    leave menu preserving file selection and insert file name after :! in
    command-line mode.

User menu without navigation (%m macro)

c leaves menu preserving file selection and inserts whole line after :! in
command-line mode.

Grep menu

Selecting file (via Enter or l key) opens it in editor set by vifm-'vicmd'
at given line number.  Menu won't be closed automatically to allow viewing
more than one result.

See above for "gf" and "e" keys description.

Command-line history menu

Selecting an item executes it as command-line command, search query or local

c leaves menu preserving file selection and inserts line into command-line of
appropriate kind.

Volumes menu

Selecting a drive navigates previously active pane to the root of that drive.

Fileinfo dialog

Enter, q - close dialog

Sort dialog 

h, Space - switch ascending/descending.
q - close dialog

One shortcut per sorting key (see the dialog).

Attributes (permissions or properties) dialog

h, Space - check/uncheck.
q - close dialog
r - (*nix only) (un)set all read bits
w - (*nix only) (un)set all write bits
x - (*nix only) (un)set all execute bits
s - (*nix only) (un)set all special (SetUID, SetGID, Sticky) bits
e - (*nix only) (un)set recursion (for directories only)

Item states:
* - checked flag.
X - means that it has different value for files in selection.
                                               {only for *nix}
d - (only for execute flags) means u-x+X, g-x+X or o-x+X argument for the
    chmod program.  If you're not on OS X and want to remove execute permission
    bit from all files, but preserve it for directories, set all execute flags
    to 'd' and check 'Set Recursively' flag.

Jobs menu

dd requests cancellation of job under cursor.  The job won't be removed from
the list, but marked as being cancelled (if cancellation was successfully
requested).  A message will pop up if the job has already stopped.
Note that on Windows cancelling external programs like this might not work,
because their parent shell doesn't have any windows.

e key displays errors of selected job if any were collected.  They are
displayed in a new menu, but you can get back to jobs menu by pressing h.

Undolist menu

r - reset undo position to group under the cursor.

Media menu

Selecting a device either mounts (if it wasn't mounted yet) or navigates to
its first mount point.

Selecting a mount point navigates to it.

Selecting "not mounted" line causes mounting.

Selecting any other line does nothing.

r - reload the list.
m - mount/unmount device (cursor should be positioned on lines under device
[ - put cursor on the previous device.
] - put cursor on the next device.

Plugins menu

e - display log messages of selected plugin if any were collected.  They are
displayed in a new menu, but you can get back to plugins menu by pressing h.

gf - navigate previously active view to the location of selected plugin.
Leaves menu mode.



Normally file views contain list of files from a single directory, but
sometimes it's useful to populate them with list of files that do not belong
to the same directory, which is what custom views are for.


Custom views are still related to directory they were in before custom list
was loaded.  Path to that directory (original directory) can be seen in the
title of a custom view.

Files in same directory have to be named differently, this doesn't hold for
custom views thus seeing just file names might be rather confusing.  In order
to give an idea where files come from and when possible, relative paths to
original directory of the view is displayed, otherwise full path is used

Custom views normally don't contain any inexistent files.


Custom views have some differences related to navigation in regular views.

gf - acts similar to vifm-gf on symbolic links and navigates to the file at
     its real location

h - go to closes parent node in tree view, otherwise return to the original

gh - return to the original directory.

Opening ".." entry also causes return to the original directory.


Custom list exists only while it's visible, once left one can't return to it,
so there is no appearances of it in any history.


Only local filter affects content of the view.  This is intentional,
presumably if one loads list, precisely that list should be displayed (except
for inexistent paths, which are ignored).


Although directory names are visible in listing, they are not searchable.  Only
file names are taken into account (might be changed in future, searching whole
lines seems quite reasonable).


Contrary to search sorting by name works on whole visible part of file path.


Whole file name is highlighted as one entity, even if there are directory


Reloads can occur, though they are not automatic due to files being scattered
among different places.  On a reload, inexistent files are removed and
meta-data of all other files is updated.

Once custom view forgets about the file, it won't add it back even if it's
created again.  So not seeing file previously affected by an operation, which
was undone is normal.


All operations that add files are forbidden for custom views.  For example,
moving/copying/putting files into a custom view doesn't work, because it
doesn't make much sense.

On the other hand, operations that use files of a custom view as a source
(e.g. yanking, copying, moving file from custom view, deletion) and operations
that modify names are all allowed.



vifm-:compare can produce four different results depending on arguments:
 - single compare view (ofone and either listall or listdups);
 - single custom view (ofone and listunique);
 - two compare views (ofboth and either listall or listdups);
 - two custom views (ofboth and listunique).

The first two display files of one file system tree.  Here duplicates are
files that have at least one copy in the same tree.  The other two kinds of
operation compare two trees, in which duplicates are files that are found in
both trees.

Lists of unique files are presented in custom views because there is no file
grouping to preserve as all file ids are guaranteed to be distinct.


Arguments passed to vifm-:compare form four categories each with its own
prefix and is responsible for particular property of operation.

Which files to compare:
 - ofboth - compares files of two panes against each other;
 - ofone  - compares files of the same directory.

How files are compared:
 - byname     - by their name only;
 - bysize     - only by their size;
 - bycontents - by data they contain (combination of size and hash of
                small chunk of contents is used as first approximation,
                so don't worry too much about large files).

Which files to display:
 - listall    - all files;
 - listunique - unique files only;
 - listdups   - only duplicated files.

How results are grouped (has no effect if "ofone" specified):
 - groupids   - files considered identical are always adjacent in output;
 - grouppaths - file system ordering is preferred (this also enables
                displaying identically named files as mismatches).

Which files to omit:
 - skipempty - ignore empty files.

Each argument can appear multiple times, the rightmost one of the group is
considered.  Arguments alter default behaviour instead of substituting it.


The defaults corresponds to probably the most common use case of comparing
files in two trees with grouping by paths, so the following are equivalent:

 :compare bycontents grouppaths
 :compare bycontents listall ofboth grouppaths

Another use case is to find duplicates in the current sub-tree:

 :compare listdups ofone

The following command lists files that are unique to each pane:

 :compare listunique


The view can't switch to ls-like view as it's unable to display diff-like

Comparison views have second column displaying id of the file, files with same
id are considered to be equal.  The view columns configuration is predefined.


When two views are being compared against each other the following changes to
the regular behaviour apply:
 - views are scrolled synchronously (as if vifm-'scrollbind' was set);
 - views' cursors are synchronized;
 - local filtering is disabled (its results wouldn't be meaningful);
 - vifm-zd excludes groups of adjacent identical files, 1zd gives usual
 - sorting is permanently disabled (ordering is fixed);
 - removed files hide their counter pairs;
 - exiting one of the views terminates the other immediately;
 - renaming files isn't blocked, but isn't taken into account and might
   require regeneration of comparison;
 - entries which indicate absence of equivalent file have empty names and can
   be matched as such;
 - when unique files of both views are listed custom views can be empty, this
   absence of unique files is stated clearly.

One compare view has similar properties (those that are applicable for single

Files are gathered in this way:
 - recursively starting at current location of the view;
 - dot files are excluded if view hides them at the moment of comparison, file
   name filters are obeyed as well so you end up comparing what you see;
 - directories are not taken into account;
 - symbolic links to directories are ignored.


On startup vifm determines several variables that are used during execution.
They are determined in the order they appear below.

On *nix systems $HOME is normally present and used as is.
On Windows systems vifm tries to find correct home directory in the following
 - $HOME variable;
 - $USERPROFILE variable (on Windows only);
 - a combination of $HOMEDRIVE and $HOMEPATH variables (on Windows only).

vifm tries to find correct configuration directory by checking the following
 - $VIFM variable;
 - parent directory of the executable file (on Windows only);
 - $HOME/.vifm directory;
 - $APPDATA/Vifm directory (on Windows only);
 - $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/vifm directory;
 - $HOME/.config/vifm directory.

vifm tries to find correct configuration file by checking the following places:
 - $MYVIFMRC variable;
 - vifmrc in parent directory of the executable file (on Windows only);
 - $VIFM/vifmrc file.


See vifm-startup section above for the explanations on vifm-$VIFM and

The vifmrc file contains commands that will be executed on vifm startup.  There
are two such files: global and local.  Global one is at
{prefix}/etc/vifm/vifmrc, see vifm-$MYVIFMRC variable description for the
search algorithm used to find local vifmrc.  Global vifmrc is loaded before the
local one, so that the later one can redefine anything configured globally.

Use vifmrc to set settings, mappings, filetypes etc.  To use multi line commands
precede each next line with a slash (whitespace before slash is ignored, but all
spaces at the end of the lines are saved).  For example:
equals "setsmartcase".  When
set<space here>
    \ smartcase
equals "set  smartcase".

The $VIFM/vifminfo file contains generic state of the application.  You can
control what is stored vifminfo by setting vifm-'vifminfo' option.  Vifm
always writes this file on exit unless vifm-'vifminfo' option is empty.
Marks, bookmarks, commands, histories, filetypes, fileviewers and registers
in the file are merged with vifm configuration.

Generally, runtime configuration has bigger priority during merging, but there
are some exceptions:
 - directory stack stored in the file is not overwritten unless something is
   changed in vifm instance that performs merge;
 - each mark or bookmark is marked with a timestamp, so that newer value is
   not overwritten by older one, thus no matter from where it comes, the
   newer one wins;
 - all histories are marked with timestamps on storing, this means that last
   instance to quit puts its elements on top of the list;
 - tabs are merged only if both current instance and stored state contain
   exactly one tab of any kind.

The $VIFM/scripts directory can contain shell scripts.  vifm modifies
its PATH environment variable to let user run those scripts without specifying
full path.  All subdirectories of the $VIFM/scripts will be added to PATH too.
Script in a subdirectory overlaps script with the same name in all its parent

The $VIFM/colors/ and {prefix}/etc/vifm/colors/ directories contain color
schemes.  Available color schemes are searched in that order, so on name
conflict the one in $VIFM/colors/ wins.

Each color scheme should have ".vifm" extension.  This wasn't the case before
and for this reason the following rules apply during lookup:
 - if there is no file with .vifm extension, all regular files are listed;
 - otherwise only files with .vifm extension are listed (with the extension
   being truncated).


Sessions provide a way to have multiple persistent runtime configurations.
Think of them as second-level vifm-vifminfo files in addition to the
first-level one used by all sessions.  In other words, they aren't a
replacement for vifminfo file that exists without sessions, but an addition to
it.  One can empty vifm-'vifminfo' option and rely solely on sessions, but in
practice one might want to share some state among instances in different
sessions or have an "out-of-sessions" state for tasks that don't deserve a
session of their own.

This leads to a two-level structure where data in session files has higher
priority than data in vifminfo files (where this makes sense) following the
same rules that merging of vifminfo file obeys.  In addition to that, history
items from session files are never ordered before history items from vifminfo


Sessions have the format of vifminfo files, they do not consist of sequence
of command-line commands and are not meant to be sourced via vifm-:source

Storage and naming

$VIFM/sessions/ directory serves as a storage for sessions.  Consequently
names should be valid filenames.  The structure of the storage is flat meaning
that there are no subdirectories, that's why names of sessions can't contain

Usage model

Contrary to Vim, vifm automates basic management of sessions.  You can start,
switch, stop or delete a session using builtin means.

Current session is saved at the same time vifminfo is saved (on normal exits
or explicitly on vifm-:write command) and right before switching to another
session.  To avoid saving in those cases use vifm-:session command to detach
(without saving) from a session before proceeding.

Related topics

Commands: vifm-:session, vifm-:delsession
Options: vifm-'sessionoptions'
Variables: vifm-v:session


vifm has a builtin support of automated FUSE file system mounts.  It is
implemented using file associations mechanism.  To enable automated mounts, one
needs to use a specially formatted program line in vifm-:filetype or
vifm-:filextype commands.  These use special macros, which differ from
macros in commands unrelated to FUSE.  Currently three formats are supported:

1) FUSE_MOUNT                                  vifm-FUSE_MOUNT
   This format should be used in case when all information needed for mounting
   all files of a particular type is the same.  E.g. mounting of tar files
   don't require any file specific options.

   Format line:

   Example vifm-:filetype command:
       :filetype FUSE_MOUNT|fuse-zip %SOURCE_FILE %DESTINATION_DIR

2) FUSE_MOUNT2                                 vifm-FUSE_MOUNT2
   This format allows to use specially formatted files to perform mounting and
   is useful for mounting remotes, for example remote file systems over ftp or

   Format line:

   Example vifm-:filetype command:
       :filetype *.ssh FUSE_MOUNT2|sshfs %PARAM %DESTINATION_DIR

   Example file content:

3) FUSE_MOUNT3                                 vifm-FUSE_MOUNT3
   This format is equivalent to vifm-FUSE_MOUNT, but omits unmounting.  It
   is useful for cases, when unmounting isn't needed, like when using AVFS.

   Example vifm-:filetype command:
       :filetype *.tar,*.tar.bz2,*.tbz2,*.tgz,*.tar.gz,*.tar.xz,*.txz,*.deb
            \ {Mount with avfs}
            \ FUSE_MOUNT3|mount-avfs %DESTINATION_DIR %SOURCE_FILE

   Example mount-avfs helper script:


       rmdir "$dest"
       ln -s "$HOME/.avfs$file#/" "$dest"

All % macros are expanded by vifm at runtime and have the following meaning:
   - %SOURCE_FILE is replaced by full path to selected file;
   - %DESTINATION_DIR is replaced by full path to mount directory, which is
     created by vifm basing on the value of vifm-'fusehome' option;
   - %PARAM value is filled from the first line of file (whole line), though
     in the future it can be changed to whole file content;
   - %FOREGROUND means that you want to run mount command as a regular
     command (required to be able to provide input for communication with
     mounter in interactive way).

%FOREGROUND is an optional macro.  Other macros are not mandatory, but mount
commands likely won't work without them.

%CLEAR is obsolete name of %FOREGROUND, which is still supported, but might be
removed in future.  Its use is discouraged.

Unlike macros elsewhere, these are recognized only if they appear at the end
of a command or are followed by a space.  There is no way to escape % either.
These are historical limitations, which might be addressed in the future.

The mounted FUSE file systems will be automatically unmounted in two cases:
   - when vifm quits (with vifm-ZZ, vifm-:q, etc. or when killed by signal);
   - when you explicitly leave mount point going up to its parent directory
     (with vifm-h, vifm-Enter on "../" or ":cd ..") and other pane is not
     in the same directory or its child directories.


vifm supports displaying of file list view in two different ways:
   - in a table mode, when multiple columns can be set using vifm-'viewcolumns'
     option (see vifm-column-view for details);
   - in a multicolumn list manner which looks almost like `ls -x` command
     output (see vifm-ls-view for details).

The look is local for each view and can be chosen by changing value of the
vifm-'lsview' boolean option.

Depending on view look some of keys change their meaning to allow more natural
cursor moving.  This concerns mainly vifm-h, vifm-j, vifm-k, vifm-l and other
similar navigation keys.

Also some of options can be ignored if they don't affect view displaying in
selected look.  For example value of vifm-'viewcolumns' when vifm-'lsview' is


When this view look is enabled by setting vifm-'lsview' option on, vifm will
display files in multiple columns.  Number of columns depends on the length of
the longest file name present in current directory of the view.  Whole file
list is automatically reflowed on directory change, terminal or view resize.

View looks close to output of `ls -x` command, so files are listed left to
right in rows.

In this mode file manipulation commands (e.g. vifm-d) don't work line-wise like
they do in Vim, since such operations would be uncommon for file manipulation
tasks.  Thus, for example, vifm-dd will remove only current file.

By default the view is filled by lines, vifm-'lsoptions' can be used to get
filling by columns.

Note that tree-view and compare view inhibit ls-like view.


View columns are described by a comma-separated list of column descriptions,
each of which has the following format
    [ '-' | '*' ] [ fw ( [ '.' tw ] | '%' ) ] '{' type | literal '}' '.'{0,3}
where fw stands for full width, tw stands for text width, bar is logical or,
square brackets denote optional parts and curly braces define range of
repetitions for a symbol that precedes them.

So it basically consists of four parts:
 1. Optional alignment specifier
 2. Optional width specifier
 3. Mandatory column name
 4. Optional cropping specifier

Alignment specifier

It's an optional minus or asterisk sign as the first symbol of the string.

Specifies type of text alignment within a column.  Two types are supported:

 - left align

     set viewcolumns=-{name}

 - right align (default)

     set viewcolumns={name}

 - dynamic align

    It's like left alignment, but when the text is bigger than the column,
    the alignment is made at the right (so the part of the field is always

     set viewcolumns=*{name}

Width specifier

It's a number followed by a percent sign, two numbers (second one should be
less than or equal to the first one) separated with a dot or a single number.

Specifies column width and its units. There are three size types:
 - absolute size - column width is specified in characters
     set viewcolumns=-100{name},20.15{ext}
  results in two columns with lengths of 100 and 20 and a reserved space of
   five characters on the left of second column.
 - relative (percent) size - column width is specified in percents of view width
     set viewcolumns=-80%{name},15%{ext},5%{mtime}
  results in three columns with lengths of 80/100, 15/100 and 5/100 of view
 - auto size (default) - column width is automatically determined
     set viewcolumns=-{name},{ext},{mtime}
  results in three columns with length of one third of view width. There is
   no size adjustment to content, since it will slow down rendering.

Columns of different sizing types can be freely mixed in one view. Though
sometimes some of columns can be seen partly or be completely invisible if
there is not enough space to display them.

Column contents

This is usually a sorting key surrounded with curly braces, e.g.

{name} and {iname} types are the same and present both for consistency with
vifm-'sort' option.

Following types don't have corresponding sorting keys:
 - {root}     - display name without extension (as a complement for {ext})
 - {fileroot} - display name without extension for anything except for
                directories and symbolic links to directories (as a
                complement for {fileext})

Empty curly braces ({}) are replaced with the default secondary column for
primary sort key. So after the next command views will be displayed almost as
if vifm-'viewcolumns' is empty, but adding ellipsis for long file names:
    set viewcolumns=-{name}..,6{}.

The last kind of column value is a string literal.  The literal is used as a
column value for every row.  The syntax is {#literal}, for example:
    3{#},{#|},{# | }
This can be used to draw column separators.  Mind that for convenience
literals have different defaults: truncation and automatically determined
absolute size, which is what you usually want for them.  Example:
    set viewcolumns=*{name}..,{#|},6{}.

Cropping specifier

It's from one to three dots after closing curly brace in column format.

Specifies type of text truncation if it doesn't fit in the column.  Currently
three types are supported:
 - truncation - text is truncated
     set viewcolumns=-{name}.
  results in truncation of names that are too long too fit in the view.
 - adding of ellipsis - ellipsis on the left or right are added when needed
     set viewcolumns=-{name}..
  results in that ellipsis are added at the end of too long file names.
 - none (default) - text can pass column boundaries
     set viewcolumns=-{name}...,{ext}
  results in that long file names can partially be written on the ext column.


The color schemes in vifm can be applied in two different ways:
   - as the primary color scheme
   - as local to a pane color scheme

Both types are set using vifm-:colorscheme command, but of different forms:
   - :colorscheme color_scheme_name - for the primary color scheme
   - :colorscheme color_scheme_name directory - for local color schemes

Look of different parts of the TUI (Text User Interface) is determined in
this way:
   - Border, TabLine, TabLineSel, TopLineSel, TopLine, CmdLine, ErrorMsg,
     StatusLine, JobLine, SuggestBox and WildMenu are always determined by
     the primary color scheme
   - CurrLine, Selected, Directory, Link, BrokenLink, Socket, Device,
     Executable, Fifo, CmpMismatch, Win, AuxWin and OtherWin are determined
     by primary color scheme and a set of local color schemes, which can be

There might be a set of local color schemes because they are structured
hierarchically according to file system structure. For example, having the
following piece of file system:

 `-- bin
    `-- my

Two color schemes:

 # ~/.vifm/colors/for_bin
 highlight Win cterm=none ctermfg=white ctermbg=red
 highlight CurrLine cterm=none ctermfg=red ctermbg=black

 # ~/.vifm/colors/for_bin_my
 highlight CurrLine cterm=none ctermfg=green ctermbg=black

And these three commands in the vifmrc file:

 colorscheme Default
 colorscheme for_bin ~/bin
 colorscheme for_bin_my ~/bin/my

File list will look in the following way for each level:
   - ~/ - Default color scheme
       black background
       cursor with blue background
   - ~/bin/ - mix of Default and for_bin color schemes
       red background
       cursor with black background and red foreground
   - ~/bin/my/ - mix of Default, for_bin and for_bin_my color schemes
       red background
       cursor with black background and green foreground


vifm has support of trash directory, which is used as temporary storage for
deleted files or files that were cut.  Using trash is controlled by the
vifm-'trash' option, and exact path to the trash can be set with
vifm-'trashdir' option.  Trash directory in vifm differs from the system-wide
one by default, because of possible incompatibilities of storing deleted files
among different file managers.  But one can set vifm-'trashdir' to
"~/.local/share/Trash" to use a "standard" trash directory.

There are two scenarios of using trash in vifm:

1. As a place for storing files that were cut by vifm-d and may be
   inserted to some other place in file system.
2. As a storage of files, that are deleted but not purged yet.

The first scenario uses deletion (vifm-d) operations to put files to
trash and put (vifm-p) operations to restore files from trash directory.
Note that such operations move files to and from trash directory,
which can be long term operations in case of different partitions or
remote drives mounted locally.

The second scenario uses deletion (vifm-d) operations for moving files
to trash directory and vifm-:empty command-line command to purge all
previously deleted files.

Deletion and put operations depend on registers, which can point to files in
trash directory.  Normally, there are no nonexistent files in registers, but
vifm doesn't keep track of modifications under trash directory, so one
shouldn't expect value of registers to be absolutely correct if trash
directory was modified not by operation that are meant for it.  But this
won't lead to any issues with operations, since they ignore nonexistent


vifm supports remote execution of command-line mode commands, remote changing of
directories and expression evaluation.  This is possible using vifm---remote
and vifm---remote-expr command-line arguments.

To execute a command remotely combine --remote argument with vifm--c or
vifm--+c.  For example:
    vifm --remote -c 'cd /'
    vifm --remote '+cd /'

To change directory not using command-line mode commands one can specify paths
right after --remote argument, like this:
    vifm --remote /
    vifm --remote ~
    vifm --remote /usr/bin /tmp

Evaluating expression remotely might be useful to query information about an
instance, for example its location:
    vifm --remote-expr 'expand("%d")'

If there are several running instances, the target can be specified with
vifm---server-name option (otherwise, the first one lexicographically is used):
    vifm --server-name work --remote ~/work/project

List of names of running instances can be obtained via vifm---server-list
option.  Name of the current one is available via v:servername.

v:servername                                   vifm-servername-variable
    server name of the running vifm instance.  Empty if client-server feature
    is disabled.


When an editor is run to edit list of file names, contents of the temporary file
has the following format:
 1. Order of lines correspond to the order of files in a view.
 2. Lines that start with a "#" are comments and are ignored.
 3. Single backslash at the beginning of a line is ignored, so that a file
    starting with a backslash will appear like "\#name".

If an operation was rejected due to issues with file names, next time you'll see
the following in this order:
 1. Last error (in comments).
 2. Original file names (in comments).
 3. Failed list of new names.

Mind that vifm-plugin will extract list of original names and show them in a
vertical split.

You can cancel renaming by removing all non-comments from the buffer.  This
also erases information about previous edits.


See vifm-plugin.txt.


The following command names are reserved and shouldn't be used for user



Points to main configuration directory (usually ~/.vifm/).

Points to main configuration file (usually ~/.vifm/vifmrc).

These environment variables are valid inside vifm and also can be used to
configure it by setting some of them before running vifm.

When $MYVIFMRC isn't set, it's made as $VIFM/vifmrc (exception for Windows:
vifmrc in the same directory as vifm.exe has higher priority than

See vifm-startup section above for more details.

On execution of external commands this variable is set to the full path of file
used to initiate FUSE mount of the closest mount point from current pane's
directory up.  It's not set when outside FUSE mount point.  When vifm is used
inside terminal multiplexer, it tries to set this variable as well (it doesn't
work this way on its own).


Vim plugin documentation: vifm-plugin.txt


Esperanto translation of the documentation by Sebastian Cyprych: